Fracture Surface Facets and Fatigue Life Potential of Castings

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Fatigue potential has been studied in cast aluminum alloys with regard to the fatigue crack initiation mechanism at the casting defects, particularly surface and subsurface defects. The significance of facets is interpreted as the presence of defects in the interior of castings. Furthermore, two varieties of facets have been identified, one originating as a dendrite-straightened bifilm (type I facet) and the other originating from a slip plane mechanism around casting defects (type II facet). The fatigue life potential of castings is reexamined based on the involvement of defects during the formation of both types of facets. It is proposed that the true fatigue life potential of defect free castings has yet to be observed, i.e., if castings can be produced without defects, then their fatigue performance will be significantly higher than even the best performances observed so far.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1098-1103
Number of pages6
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011