Foreign versus indigenous innovation and energy intensity: further research across Chinese regions

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Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Universitat Jaume I
  • University of Nottingham


The aim of this work is to analyze the role played by both foreign and indigenous innovation on energy intensity as well as the possible interactions between them across 30 Chinese regions. In addition, we consider different types of corporate ownership that operate in China. We control our estimates by energy price and the composition effect. We provide a complete picture of energy sector by examining all sources of energy. We use Beck and Katz estimator in order to take into account heterocedasticity and serial correlation over the period 2006–2010. Our results suggest that both foreign and domestic innovation efforts played a significant role in improving energy efficiency in China. However, the interaction between foreign and indigenous innovations is modest. We observe significant differences among investment ownership due to its geographical location. These findings have important policy implications for energy sector in China.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1374-1384
JournalApplied Energy
Early online date7 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2016


  • Energy intensity, Investment ownership, Chinese regions, Technology transfer, Indigenous and foreign innovation

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