Fluorescent properties of organic carbon in cave dripwaters: Effects of filtration, temperature and pH.

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Abstract

For the first time the specific fluorescent characteristics of organic carbon (OC) in sequentially filtered cave dripwater samples have been studied and the proportions of organic carbon in each size fraction quantified. We examined the effects of pH, temperature and filtration on the fluorescent properties of OC sampled from four drip points in different seasons. Dripwaters were sampled from both normal (pH 7.5-8.5) and hyper-alkaline (pH 9-13) drip points in Poole's Cavern, Buxton, UK, which provides a model system for understanding the effects of pH on the chemical properties of OC. At high-pH values, charge stabilisation of OC is greatly enhanced, resulting in 10-20 times more coarse colloidal and particulate (>100nm) organic carbon than in lower pH dripwaters; indicating that destabilisation (e.g. charge shielding) of colloidal OC is an important process control on the transmission of OC in cave dripwaters at near-neutral pH. OC fluorescence in high-pH dripwaters exhibited a high degree of pH sensitivity between pH 10 and 12, consistent with substantial changes in the coordination or neighbouring environment of fluorescent acidic functional groups. Inner-filter effects (IFE) associated with the coarse colloidal and particulate fraction of OM mask the true fluorescent signal, so that size fractionation is necessary to obtain a signal which is correlated with the concentration of organic carbon. Fluorescence intensities in the samples studied were best correlated with organic carbon with a dimension

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5940-5950
Number of pages11
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume408
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sep 2010