Fluctuational susceptibility of ultracold bosons in the vicinity of condensation

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Colleges, School and Institutes


We study the behaviour of ultracold bosonic gas in the critical region above the Bose-Einstein condensation in the presence of an artificial magnetic field, $B_\mathrm{art}$. We show that the condensate fluctuations above the critical temperature $T_c$ cause the fluctuational susceptibility, $\chi _\mathrm{fl}$, of a uniform gas to have a stronger power-law divergence than in an analogous superconducting system. Measuring such a divergence opens new ways of exploring critical properties of the ultracold gas and an opportunity of an accurate determination of $T_c$. We describe a method of measuring $\chi _\mathrm{fl}$ which requires a constant gradient in $B_\mathrm{art}$ and suggest a way of creating such a field in experiment.

Bibliographic note

5 pages, 3 figures, 5 pages of Supplement; the text is rewritten and rearranged, and the figures are modified


Original languageEnglish
Article number041602(R)
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016


  • cond-mat.quant-gas