Flexibility and Cross-Sectional Structure of an Anionic Dual-Surfactant Wormlike Micelle Explored with Small-Angle X-ray Scattering Coupled with Contrast Variation Technique
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The contrast variation technique by adding sucrose to aqueous solvents as an electron density adjusting reagent was applied to small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) from a dual surfactant wormlike micelle consisting of sodium lauryl ether sulfate and coconut fatty acid amido propyl betaine in order to evaluate the flexibility and the cross-sectional structure of the micelle. The salt concentration dependence of the zero-shear and dynamic viscosities were found not to be affected by the cation species nor the presence of sucrose in the solution. SAXS showed that the scattering profile [I(q)] can be fitted a double layer cylinder model. By systematically changing the sucrose concentration (C-S), a "matching composition" was found in which the shell layer can become invisible in SAXS for each sodium cation concentration ([Na+]). From this composition, the electron densities of the shell (rho s) and core (rho c) layers were evaluated to be 370 and 216 e/nm(-3), respectively. These values were consistent with the chemical structure of the surfactant. At these matching compositions, I(q) was measured at low q range (0.03 nm(-1) <q <4 nm(-1)) and the data points were perfectly fitted with a single layer rigid cylinder model, except for [Na+] > 1.02 M. In these larger [Na+], the I(q) showed an up-turn deviation from the rigid rod limit (i.e., I(q) infinity q(-1)) at low q, indicating appearance of the flexibility of the cylinder. By applying a wormlike cylinder theory, the Kuhn statistical segment length was evaluated as a function of [Na+]. At the infinite limit of [Na+], the intrinsic Kuhn length (excluding of the electrostatic interactions) can be evaluated to be about 20-40 nm. This value was comparable with that of the wormlike micelles made of nonionic surfactants.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part B: Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces & Biophysical|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Jul 2009|