Field study of the influence of meteorological factors and traffic volumes upon suspended particle mass at urban roadside sites of differing geometries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Twenty-four hour averaged concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 have been measured at UK urban sites using dichotomous samplers. Four site pairs have been selected, each of which comprises a busy roadside site and a nearby urban background location. Differences between roadside and urban background concentrations are interpreted in terms of street geometry and atmospheric circulations. Markedly different patterns of behaviour are observed between the more enclosed and more open sites. At the former, the traffic increment in particle mass (difference between roadside and background sites) tends to be independent of the magnitude of concentrations. At the more open sites, there is a tendency for the traffic increment in particle mass to increase with increasing concentration. At one site, with an asymmetric building configuration across the street, the behaviour is wind-direction dependent with higher traffic increments observed when the air above the urban canopy passes first over the taller buildings before apparently creating a recirculating vortex over the roadway. Incremental coarse to incremental fine particle ratios vary greatly between sites (0.21-0.61 on average), the values increasing with the total traffic volume at the site. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6361-6369
Number of pages9
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume38
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

Keywords

  • particulate matter, street canyon, street geometry, coarse particles, roadside, fine particles