Fibroblasts as immune regulators in infection, inflammation and cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Authors

  • Sarah Davidson
  • Mark Coles
  • Tom Thomas
  • George Kollias
  • Burkhard Ludewig
  • Shannon Turley
  • Michael Brenner

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

In chronic infection, inflammation and cancer, the tissue microenvironment controls how local immune cells behave, with tissue-resident fibroblasts emerging as a key cell type in regulating activation or suppression of an immune response. Fibroblasts are heterogeneous cells, encompassing functionally distinct populations, the phenotypes of which differ according to their tissue of origin and type of inciting disease. Their immunological properties are also diverse, ranging from the maintenance of a potent inflammatory environment in chronic inflammation to promoting immunosuppression in malignancy, and encapsulating and incarcerating infectious agents within tissues. In this Review, we compare the mechanisms by which fibroblasts control local immune responses, as well as the factors regulating their inflammatory and suppressive profiles, in different tissues and pathological settings. This cross-disease perspective highlights the importance of tissue context in determining fibroblast–immune cell interactions, as well as potential therapeutic avenues to exploit this knowledge for the benefit of patients with chronic infection, inflammation and cancer.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Reviews Immunology
Early online date28 Apr 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Apr 2021