Fibrinogen-CD11b/CD18 interaction activities the NF-kappa B pathway and delays apoptosis in human neutrophils

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • C Rubel
  • S Gomez
  • GC Fernandez
  • MA Isturiz
  • MS Palermo

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The regulation of neutrophil half-life by members of the coagulation cascade is critical for the resolution of the inflammatory response. We have demonstrated that soluble fibrinogen (sFbg) delays human neutrophil (PMN) apoptosis through a mechanism that involves CD11b interactions, and phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). Since NF-kappaB is a key element in the regulation of apoptotic mechanisms in several immune cells, we investigated whether NF-kappaB is involved in the control of PMN survival by sFbg. We show that sFbg triggers inhibitor protein kappaB (IkappaB-alpha) degradation and NF-kappaB activation. Furthermore, pharmacological inhibition of NF-kappaB abrogates sFbg effects on apoptosis. In addition, specific inhibition of MAPK ERK1/2 significantly reduces NF-kappaB translocation by sFbg, suggesting a relationship between ERK1/2 and NF-kappaB activation. Similar results are obtained when granulocytic-differentiated HL-60 cells are treated with sFbg, making this model highly attractive for integrin-induced gene expression studies. It can be concluded that NF-kappaB participates in the prevention of apoptosis induced by sFbg with the participation of MAPK ERK1/2. These results shed light on the molecular mechanisms that control human granulocyte apoptosis, and suggest that NF-kappaB regulation may be of benefit for the resolution of the inflammatory response.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1429-38
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume33
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2003

Keywords

  • NF-kappa B, integrin, apoptosis, fibrinogen, neutrophil