Favorable residual stress induction by resin-cementation on dental porcelain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Trinity College Dublin
  • University of Birmingham
  • University of Alberta

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Despite developments in polycrystalline ceramics, glassy dental-ceramic materials provide the optimum cosmetic option in most clinical situations to mimic the natural dentition. The clinical success of glassy dental-ceramic materials is often attributed to resin-adhesive bonding techniques. In this study we explore whether shrinkage stresses generated on photo-polymerisation of the resin-cement are sufficient to induce ceramic surface defect stabilization, and we quantify the transient nature of the induced stresses.

METHODS: Stress-induced changes in a feldspathic ceramic over a range of thicknesses (0.5-2.0mm: n=20 per thickness) were measured using a profilometric technique at baseline for each disc-shaped specimen (mean of the maximum deflection (δbaseline)) and again following polymerisation of a controlled resin-cement thickness on the contra-lateral surface. Measurements were repeated at 30, 60, 90 and 1440min following photo-polymerization (δ30, δ60, δ90 and δ1440, respectively) before bi-axial flexure strength (BFS) determination at 24h.

RESULTS: A repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc Bonferroni tests determined that δ1440 was significantly different from δbaseline (p=0.02), δ30 (p<0.01) and δ60 (p<0.01) but not δ90 (p=0.61). Data exploration revealed that there were differences in directionality of the independent variable (mean of the maximum deflection (δ)) with a proportion of specimens increasing in deflection and others reducing. The directionality of the effect strongly correlated with the BFS values. Where δ1440-δbaseline was low and/or negative, BFS values were also low. High BFS values were observed when δ1440-δbaseline was large and positive (indirectly inferring high shrinkage-stress-induced-deformation).

SIGNIFICANCE: A link between shrinkage stresses associated with the photo-polymerization of dental resin-based cements and the reinforcement of dental porcelain has clearly been established.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1258-1265
JournalDental Materials
Volume33
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Resin-cementation, Biaxial flexure strength, Shrinkage stress, Photo-polymerization, Fracture