Externalizing, internalizing and fostering commitment : the case of born-global firms in emerging economies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



This paper examines the HR practices of mature born-global firms from 29 emerging economies. Through an examination of large scale survey data the paper questions the extent to which firm size impacts the employment of temporary workers, the employment of skilled workers and the extent of employee training. Findings suggest that as firm size increases the use of temporary workers decreases, the number of skilled workers increases and the number of employees receiving training also increases. The paper highlights how born-global firms are able to shift away from externalized, market-based approaches towards more internalized, commitment-based approaches in order to survive, adapt and grow.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-496
JournalManagement International Review
Issue number4
Early online date19 Jul 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2014


  • Mature-born, Global firms, Skilled labour, Temporary workers, Training levels, Emerging economies, Human resource management, Networks