Expression and function of Tec, Itk and Btk in lymphocytes: evidence for a unique role for Tec

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • L Kane
  • J Su
  • TA Kadlecek
  • MN Mollenauer
  • A Weiss

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The Tec protein tyrosine kinase is the founding member of a family that includes Btk, Itk, Bmx, and Txk. Btk is essential for B-cell receptor signaling, because mutations in Btk are responsible for X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) in humans and X-linked immunodeficiency (xid) in mice, whereas Itk is involved in T-cell receptor signaling. Tec is expressed in both T and B cells, but its role in antigen receptor signaling is not clear. In this study, we show that Tec protein is expressed at substantially lower levels in primary T and B cells relative to Itk and Btk, respectively. However, Tec is up-regulated upon T-cell activation and in Th1 and Th2 cells. In functional experiments that mimic Tec up-regulation, we find that Tec overexpression in lymphocyte cell lines is sufficient to induce phospholipase Cgamma (PLC-gamma) phosphorylation and NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cells) activation. In contrast, overexpression of Btk, Itk, or Bmx does not induce NFAT activation. Tec-induced NFAT activation requires PLC-gamma, but not the adapters LAT, SLP-76, and BLNK, which are required for Btk and Itk to couple to PLC-gamma. Finally, we show that the unique effector function for Tec correlates with a unique subcellular localization. We hypothesize that Tec functions in activated and effector T lymphocytes to induce the expression of genes regulated by NFAT transcription factors.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2455-2466
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume24
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2004