Exploring electrical resistance: a novel kinesthetic model helps to resolve some misconceptions

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A simple 'hands on' physical model is described which displays analogous behaviour to some aspects of the free electron theory of metals. Using it students can get a real feel for what is going on inside a metallic conductor. Ohms Law, the temperature dependence of resistivity, the dependence of resistance on geometry, how the conduction electrons respond to a potential difference and the concepts of mean free path and drift speed of the conduction electrons can all be explored. Some quantitative results obtained by using the model are compared with the predictions of Drude's free electron theory of electrical conduction.


Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysics Education
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • physics, Education, science education