Expatriates, Subsidiary Autonomy and the Overseas Subsidiary Performance of MNEs from an Emerging Economy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Loughborough University
  • Beijing Institute of Technology


Despite a growing body of research on the role of expatriates in subsidiary performance, the mechanisms through which expatriates affect subsidiary performance are still the subject of debate. Drawing on resource dependence theory, we examine the indirect effects of expatriates on subsidiary performance via subsidiary autonomy based on a sample of Chinese multinational enterprises. The findings show that an increase in expatriates reduces the level of subsidiary autonomy and thus negatively affects subsidiary performance. We also find that the institutional quality of host countries reinforces the negative impact of expatriates on subsidiary autonomy, but reduces the importance of the latter on subsidiary performance.


Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2017


  • Chinese MNEs, expatriates, subsidary autonomy, institutional quality, subsidiary performance