Examining the directional component of imagery and self-talk strategies on performance and self-efficacy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The study investigated the impact of varying combinations of facilitative and debilitative imagery and self-talk (ST) on self-efficacy and performance of a dart-throwing task. Participants (N = 95) were allocated to I of 5 groups: (a) facilitative imagery/facilitative ST, (b) facilitative imagery/debilitative ST, (c) debilitative imagery/facilitative ST, (d) debilitative imagery/debilitative ST, or (e) control. Mixed-design ANOVAs revealed that performance, but not self-efficacy, changed over time as a function of the assigned experimental condition. Participants in the debilitative imagery/debilitative ST condition worsened their performance, and participants in the facilitative imagery/facilitative ST condition achieved better scores. These findings demonstrate that a combination of facilitative imagery and ST can enhance performance whereas debilitative imagery and ST can hamper it.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-274
Number of pages18
JournalThe Sport Psychologist
Volume20
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006