Examination of single and multiple mutations involved in resistance to quinolones in Staphylococcus aureus by a combination of PCR and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC)

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@article{a7684aaadb5a4e579528641db6806ee9,
title = "Examination of single and multiple mutations involved in resistance to quinolones in Staphylococcus aureus by a combination of PCR and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC)",
abstract = "Detection of DNA sequence variation is fundamental to the identification of the genomic basis of phenotypic variability. Denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) is a novel technique that has been used to detect mutations in human DNA. We report on the first study to use this technique as a tool to detect mutations in genes encoding antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Three methicillin-sensitive and three methicillin-resistant clinical Staphylococcus aureus isolates, susceptible to ciprofloxacin (MIC Leu, Ser-112-->Pro, Glu-88-->Lys in GyrA, Glu-84-->Val, Ser-80-->Phe in GrlA, Pro-456-->Ser in GyrB and Glu-422-->Asp, Pro-451-->Ser, Asp-432-->Gly in GrlB. Mutations could be rapidly and reproducibly identified from the PCR products using DHPLC, producing specific peak patterns that correlate with genotypes. This system facilitates the detection of resistance alleles, providing a rapid (5 min per sample), economic (96 sample per run) and reliable technique for characterizing antibiotic resistance in bacteria.",
keywords = "DHPLC, fluoroquinolones, mutation detection, denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography, DNA, topoisomerases",
author = "F Hannachi-M'zali and JE Ambler and CF Taylor and Peter Hawkey",
year = "2002",
month = nov,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/jac/dkf243",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "649--55",
journal = "Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy",
issn = "0305-7453",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Examination of single and multiple mutations involved in resistance to quinolones in Staphylococcus aureus by a combination of PCR and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC)

AU - Hannachi-M'zali, F

AU - Ambler, JE

AU - Taylor, CF

AU - Hawkey, Peter

PY - 2002/11/1

Y1 - 2002/11/1

N2 - Detection of DNA sequence variation is fundamental to the identification of the genomic basis of phenotypic variability. Denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) is a novel technique that has been used to detect mutations in human DNA. We report on the first study to use this technique as a tool to detect mutations in genes encoding antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Three methicillin-sensitive and three methicillin-resistant clinical Staphylococcus aureus isolates, susceptible to ciprofloxacin (MIC Leu, Ser-112-->Pro, Glu-88-->Lys in GyrA, Glu-84-->Val, Ser-80-->Phe in GrlA, Pro-456-->Ser in GyrB and Glu-422-->Asp, Pro-451-->Ser, Asp-432-->Gly in GrlB. Mutations could be rapidly and reproducibly identified from the PCR products using DHPLC, producing specific peak patterns that correlate with genotypes. This system facilitates the detection of resistance alleles, providing a rapid (5 min per sample), economic (96 sample per run) and reliable technique for characterizing antibiotic resistance in bacteria.

AB - Detection of DNA sequence variation is fundamental to the identification of the genomic basis of phenotypic variability. Denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) is a novel technique that has been used to detect mutations in human DNA. We report on the first study to use this technique as a tool to detect mutations in genes encoding antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Three methicillin-sensitive and three methicillin-resistant clinical Staphylococcus aureus isolates, susceptible to ciprofloxacin (MIC Leu, Ser-112-->Pro, Glu-88-->Lys in GyrA, Glu-84-->Val, Ser-80-->Phe in GrlA, Pro-456-->Ser in GyrB and Glu-422-->Asp, Pro-451-->Ser, Asp-432-->Gly in GrlB. Mutations could be rapidly and reproducibly identified from the PCR products using DHPLC, producing specific peak patterns that correlate with genotypes. This system facilitates the detection of resistance alleles, providing a rapid (5 min per sample), economic (96 sample per run) and reliable technique for characterizing antibiotic resistance in bacteria.

KW - DHPLC

KW - fluoroquinolones

KW - mutation detection

KW - denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography

KW - DNA

KW - topoisomerases

U2 - 10.1093/jac/dkf243

DO - 10.1093/jac/dkf243

M3 - Article

C2 - 12407120

VL - 50

SP - 649

EP - 655

JO - Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

JF - Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

SN - 0305-7453

IS - 5

ER -