Exact vortex nucleation and cooperative vortex tunneling in dilute Bose-Einstein condensates

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Colleges, School and Institutes


With the imminent advent of mesoscopic rotating Bose-Einstein condensates in the lowest Landau level regime, we explore lowest Landau level vortex nucleation. An exact many-body analysis is presented in a weakly elliptical trap for up to 400 particles. Striking non-mean-field features are exposed at filling factors >> 1. For example, near the critical rotation frequency pairs of energy levels approach each other with exponential accuracy. A physical interpretation is provided by requantizing a mean-field theory, where 1/N plays the role of Planck's constant, revealing two vortices cooperatively tunneling between classically degenerate energy minima. The tunnel splitting variation is described in terms of frequency, particle number, and ellipticity.


Original languageEnglish
Article number110401
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2008