Evidence Summary: The relationship between oral and cardiovascular disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Ian Webb
  • Laura Stenhouse
  • Amrit Pttni
  • Darren Ready
  • Kristina Wanyonyi
  • Sandra White
  • Jennifer Elizabeth Gallagher

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
  • York Hospital, Wigginton Rd, York, YO31 8HE
  • Public Health England
  • King's College London

Abstract

This paper reports on one review of four rapid reviews undertaken to explore the relationships between oral health and general medical conditions, in order to support teams within Public Health England, health practitioners and policy makers. This review aimed to explore the most contemporary evidence on whether poor oral health and cardiovascular disease occurs in the same individuals or populations, to outline the nature of the relationship between these two health outcomes and to discuss the implication of any findings for health services and future research. The review was undertaken by a group comprising consultant clinicians from medicine and dentistry, trainees, public
health and academics. The methodology involved a streamlined rapid review process and synthesis of the data. The results identified a number of systematic reviews of low to high quality, which suggests that there is fairly robust evidence that there is an increased risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease [ASVD] among individuals with chronic periodontitis, independent of other established
cardiovascular risk factors. And some evidence that the incidence of caries and tooth loss is higher in patients with cardiovascular disease, whilst orofacial pain presents as the sole symptom of stroke in some patients. The findings are discussed in relation to implications for service and future research.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-385
JournalBritish Dental Journal
Volume222
Early online date10 Mar 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Oral health , general health , stroke , tooth loss, caries, periodontal disease, oral health related quality of life, periodontal therapy, periodontal treatment, oral health promotion, surrogate markers, cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease