Evidence of variable discount rates and non-standard discounting in mortality risk valuation
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Time discounting is central to the valuation of future health and mortality risks in public sector allocative decision-making, particularly for environmental policies with delayed health impacts. Using a Risk-Risk trade-off survey, we elicit discount rates for fatality risks and establish discounting functional forms on both a sample and an individual level. We find wide variation in implicit discount rates for fatality risk between individuals, as well as between-individual heterogeneity in discounting functional forms. In aggregate, the sample is best characterised by subadditive discounting. Our work has implications for the academic investigation of intertemporal choice involving mortality risks, and potentially for the evaluation of policy options with delayed mortality risk outcomes. A thought experiment cautions against the standard practice of assuming that exponential discounting characterises society's time preferences.
|Journal||Journal of Environmental Economics and Management|
|Early online date||23 Nov 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2017|
- Discounting, Time preference, VSL, Latency, Mortality risk, Valuation, Resource allocation