Evidence needed to manage freshwater ecosystems in a changing climate: turning adaptation principles into practice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Evidence needed to manage freshwater ecosystems in a changing climate: turning adaptation principles into practice. / Wilby, RL; Orr, H; Watts, G; Barrarbee, RW; Berry, PM; Chadd, R; Dugdale, SJ; Dunbar, MJ; Elliott, JA; Extence, C; Hannah, David; Holmes, N; Johnson, AC; Knights, B; Milner, NJ; Ormerod, SJ; Solomon, D; Timlett, R; Whitehead, PJ; Wood, PJ.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 408, 01.01.2010, p. 4150-4164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Wilby, RL, Orr, H, Watts, G, Barrarbee, RW, Berry, PM, Chadd, R, Dugdale, SJ, Dunbar, MJ, Elliott, JA, Extence, C, Hannah, D, Holmes, N, Johnson, AC, Knights, B, Milner, NJ, Ormerod, SJ, Solomon, D, Timlett, R, Whitehead, PJ & Wood, PJ 2010, 'Evidence needed to manage freshwater ecosystems in a changing climate: turning adaptation principles into practice', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 408, pp. 4150-4164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.05.014

APA

Wilby, RL., Orr, H., Watts, G., Barrarbee, RW., Berry, PM., Chadd, R., Dugdale, SJ., Dunbar, MJ., Elliott, JA., Extence, C., Hannah, D., Holmes, N., Johnson, AC., Knights, B., Milner, NJ., Ormerod, SJ., Solomon, D., Timlett, R., Whitehead, PJ., & Wood, PJ. (2010). Evidence needed to manage freshwater ecosystems in a changing climate: turning adaptation principles into practice. Science of the Total Environment, 408, 4150-4164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.05.014

Vancouver

Author

Wilby, RL ; Orr, H ; Watts, G ; Barrarbee, RW ; Berry, PM ; Chadd, R ; Dugdale, SJ ; Dunbar, MJ ; Elliott, JA ; Extence, C ; Hannah, David ; Holmes, N ; Johnson, AC ; Knights, B ; Milner, NJ ; Ormerod, SJ ; Solomon, D ; Timlett, R ; Whitehead, PJ ; Wood, PJ. / Evidence needed to manage freshwater ecosystems in a changing climate: turning adaptation principles into practice. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2010 ; Vol. 408. pp. 4150-4164.

Bibtex

@article{57cf99101194431f89199463fba1f298,
title = "Evidence needed to manage freshwater ecosystems in a changing climate: turning adaptation principles into practice",
abstract = "It is widely accepted that climate change poses severe threats to freshwater ecosystems. Here we examine the scientific basis for adaptively managing vulnerable habitats and species. Our views are shaped by a literature survey of adaptation in practice, and by expert opinion. We assert that adaptation planning is constrained by uncertainty about evolving climatic and non-climatic pressures, by difficulties in predicting species- and ecosystem-level responses to these forces, and by the plasticity of management goals. This implies that adaptation measures will have greatest acceptance when they deliver multiple benefits, including, but not limited to, the amelioration of climate impacts. We suggest that many principles for biodiversity management under climate change are intuitively correct but hard to apply in practice. This view is tested using two commonly assumed doctrines: {"}increase shading of vulnerable reaches through tree planting{"} (to reduce water temperatures); and {"}set hands off flows{"} (to halt potentially harmful abstractions during low flow episodes). We show that the value of riparian trees for shading, water cooling and other functions is partially understood, but extension of this knowledge to water temperature management is so far lacking. Likewise, there is a long history of environmental flow assessment for allocating water to competing uses, but more research is needed into the effectiveness of ecological objectives based on target flows. We therefore advocate more multi-disciplinary field and model experimentation to test the cost-effectiveness and efficacy of adaptation measures applied at different scales. In particular, there is a need for a major collaborative programme to: examine natural adaptation to climatic variation in freshwater species; identify where existing environmental practice may be insufficient; review the fitness of monitoring networks to detect change; translate existing knowledge into guidance; and implement best practice within existing regulatory frameworks.",
keywords = "Ecosystem, Planning, Climate change, Multi-disciplinary, Adaptation, Monitoring, Freshwater",
author = "RL Wilby and H Orr and G Watts and RW Barrarbee and PM Berry and R Chadd and SJ Dugdale and MJ Dunbar and JA Elliott and C Extence and David Hannah and N Holmes and AC Johnson and B Knights and NJ Milner and SJ Ormerod and D Solomon and R Timlett and PJ Whitehead and PJ Wood",
year = "2010",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.05.014",
language = "English",
volume = "408",
pages = "4150--4164",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence needed to manage freshwater ecosystems in a changing climate: turning adaptation principles into practice

AU - Wilby, RL

AU - Orr, H

AU - Watts, G

AU - Barrarbee, RW

AU - Berry, PM

AU - Chadd, R

AU - Dugdale, SJ

AU - Dunbar, MJ

AU - Elliott, JA

AU - Extence, C

AU - Hannah, David

AU - Holmes, N

AU - Johnson, AC

AU - Knights, B

AU - Milner, NJ

AU - Ormerod, SJ

AU - Solomon, D

AU - Timlett, R

AU - Whitehead, PJ

AU - Wood, PJ

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - It is widely accepted that climate change poses severe threats to freshwater ecosystems. Here we examine the scientific basis for adaptively managing vulnerable habitats and species. Our views are shaped by a literature survey of adaptation in practice, and by expert opinion. We assert that adaptation planning is constrained by uncertainty about evolving climatic and non-climatic pressures, by difficulties in predicting species- and ecosystem-level responses to these forces, and by the plasticity of management goals. This implies that adaptation measures will have greatest acceptance when they deliver multiple benefits, including, but not limited to, the amelioration of climate impacts. We suggest that many principles for biodiversity management under climate change are intuitively correct but hard to apply in practice. This view is tested using two commonly assumed doctrines: "increase shading of vulnerable reaches through tree planting" (to reduce water temperatures); and "set hands off flows" (to halt potentially harmful abstractions during low flow episodes). We show that the value of riparian trees for shading, water cooling and other functions is partially understood, but extension of this knowledge to water temperature management is so far lacking. Likewise, there is a long history of environmental flow assessment for allocating water to competing uses, but more research is needed into the effectiveness of ecological objectives based on target flows. We therefore advocate more multi-disciplinary field and model experimentation to test the cost-effectiveness and efficacy of adaptation measures applied at different scales. In particular, there is a need for a major collaborative programme to: examine natural adaptation to climatic variation in freshwater species; identify where existing environmental practice may be insufficient; review the fitness of monitoring networks to detect change; translate existing knowledge into guidance; and implement best practice within existing regulatory frameworks.

AB - It is widely accepted that climate change poses severe threats to freshwater ecosystems. Here we examine the scientific basis for adaptively managing vulnerable habitats and species. Our views are shaped by a literature survey of adaptation in practice, and by expert opinion. We assert that adaptation planning is constrained by uncertainty about evolving climatic and non-climatic pressures, by difficulties in predicting species- and ecosystem-level responses to these forces, and by the plasticity of management goals. This implies that adaptation measures will have greatest acceptance when they deliver multiple benefits, including, but not limited to, the amelioration of climate impacts. We suggest that many principles for biodiversity management under climate change are intuitively correct but hard to apply in practice. This view is tested using two commonly assumed doctrines: "increase shading of vulnerable reaches through tree planting" (to reduce water temperatures); and "set hands off flows" (to halt potentially harmful abstractions during low flow episodes). We show that the value of riparian trees for shading, water cooling and other functions is partially understood, but extension of this knowledge to water temperature management is so far lacking. Likewise, there is a long history of environmental flow assessment for allocating water to competing uses, but more research is needed into the effectiveness of ecological objectives based on target flows. We therefore advocate more multi-disciplinary field and model experimentation to test the cost-effectiveness and efficacy of adaptation measures applied at different scales. In particular, there is a need for a major collaborative programme to: examine natural adaptation to climatic variation in freshwater species; identify where existing environmental practice may be insufficient; review the fitness of monitoring networks to detect change; translate existing knowledge into guidance; and implement best practice within existing regulatory frameworks.

KW - Ecosystem

KW - Planning

KW - Climate change

KW - Multi-disciplinary

KW - Adaptation

KW - Monitoring

KW - Freshwater

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.05.014

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.05.014

M3 - Article

C2 - 20538318

VL - 408

SP - 4150

EP - 4164

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -