Evidence for an error deadzone in compensatory tracking

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Evidence for an error deadzone in compensatory tracking. / Wolpert, D. M.; Miall, R. C.; Winter, J. L.; Stein, J. F.

In: Journal of motor behavior, Vol. 24, No. 4, 01.01.1992, p. 299-308.

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Wolpert, D. M. ; Miall, R. C. ; Winter, J. L. ; Stein, J. F. / Evidence for an error deadzone in compensatory tracking. In: Journal of motor behavior. 1992 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 299-308.

Bibtex

@article{6683975bd1a146eca18bddfb3ab144cc,
title = "Evidence for an error deadzone in compensatory tracking",
abstract = "Humans and monkeys show intermittent arm movements while tracking moving targets. This intermittency has been explained by postulating either a psychological refractory period after each movement and/or an error deadzone, an area surrounding the target within which movements are not initiated. We present a technique to detect and quantify the size of this deadzone, using a compensatory tracking paradigm that distinguishes it from a psychological refractory period. An artificial deadzone of variable size was added around a visual target displayed on a computer screen. While the subject was within this area, he received visual feedback that showed him to be directly on target. The presence of this artificial deadzone could affect tracking performance only if it exceeded the size of his intrinsic deadzone. Therefore, the size of artificial deadzone at which performance began to be affected revealed the size of the intrinsic deadzone. Measured at the subjects' eye, the deadzone was found to vary between 0.06 and 0.38°, depending on the tracking task and viewing conditions; on the screen, this range was 1.3 mm to 3.3 mm. It increased with increasing speed of the target, with increasing viewing distance, and when the amplitude of the movement required was reduced. However, the deadzone size was not significantly correlated with the subjects' level of performance. We conclude that an intrinsic deadzone exists during compensatory tracking, and we suggest that its size is set by a cognitive process not simply related to the difficulty of the tracking task.",
author = "Wolpert, {D. M.} and Miall, {R. C.} and Winter, {J. L.} and Stein, {J. F.}",
year = "1992",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/00222895.1992.9941626",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "299--308",
journal = "Journal of motor behavior",
issn = "0022-2895",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence for an error deadzone in compensatory tracking

AU - Wolpert, D. M.

AU - Miall, R. C.

AU - Winter, J. L.

AU - Stein, J. F.

PY - 1992/1/1

Y1 - 1992/1/1

N2 - Humans and monkeys show intermittent arm movements while tracking moving targets. This intermittency has been explained by postulating either a psychological refractory period after each movement and/or an error deadzone, an area surrounding the target within which movements are not initiated. We present a technique to detect and quantify the size of this deadzone, using a compensatory tracking paradigm that distinguishes it from a psychological refractory period. An artificial deadzone of variable size was added around a visual target displayed on a computer screen. While the subject was within this area, he received visual feedback that showed him to be directly on target. The presence of this artificial deadzone could affect tracking performance only if it exceeded the size of his intrinsic deadzone. Therefore, the size of artificial deadzone at which performance began to be affected revealed the size of the intrinsic deadzone. Measured at the subjects' eye, the deadzone was found to vary between 0.06 and 0.38°, depending on the tracking task and viewing conditions; on the screen, this range was 1.3 mm to 3.3 mm. It increased with increasing speed of the target, with increasing viewing distance, and when the amplitude of the movement required was reduced. However, the deadzone size was not significantly correlated with the subjects' level of performance. We conclude that an intrinsic deadzone exists during compensatory tracking, and we suggest that its size is set by a cognitive process not simply related to the difficulty of the tracking task.

AB - Humans and monkeys show intermittent arm movements while tracking moving targets. This intermittency has been explained by postulating either a psychological refractory period after each movement and/or an error deadzone, an area surrounding the target within which movements are not initiated. We present a technique to detect and quantify the size of this deadzone, using a compensatory tracking paradigm that distinguishes it from a psychological refractory period. An artificial deadzone of variable size was added around a visual target displayed on a computer screen. While the subject was within this area, he received visual feedback that showed him to be directly on target. The presence of this artificial deadzone could affect tracking performance only if it exceeded the size of his intrinsic deadzone. Therefore, the size of artificial deadzone at which performance began to be affected revealed the size of the intrinsic deadzone. Measured at the subjects' eye, the deadzone was found to vary between 0.06 and 0.38°, depending on the tracking task and viewing conditions; on the screen, this range was 1.3 mm to 3.3 mm. It increased with increasing speed of the target, with increasing viewing distance, and when the amplitude of the movement required was reduced. However, the deadzone size was not significantly correlated with the subjects' level of performance. We conclude that an intrinsic deadzone exists during compensatory tracking, and we suggest that its size is set by a cognitive process not simply related to the difficulty of the tracking task.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001657374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00222895.1992.9941626

DO - 10.1080/00222895.1992.9941626

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0001657374

VL - 24

SP - 299

EP - 308

JO - Journal of motor behavior

JF - Journal of motor behavior

SN - 0022-2895

IS - 4

ER -