Evaluation of the biocompatibility of S-phase layers on medical grade austenitic stainless steels.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
S-phase surface layers were formed in AISI 316LVM (ASTM F138) and High-N (ASTM F1586) medical grade austenitic stainless steels by plasma surface alloying with nitrogen (at 430°C), carbon (at 500°C) and both carbon and nitrogen (at 430°C). The presence of the S-phase was confirmed by microscopy, hardness testing, depth-profile analysis of chemical composition and X-ray Diffraction. Attachment and proliferation of mouse osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells were tested on S-phase and untreated controls and the results demonstrated that all the S-phase layers formed were biocompatible under the conditions used. Cells adhered equally well to all samples but proliferation was enhanced on the treated materials.
|Journal||Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Mar 2011|