Evaluation of damping and elastic properties of composites and composite structures by the resonance technique

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Sch. of Indust. and Mfg. Science
  • Cranfield University
  • School of Metallurgy and Materials


This paper describes the resonance technique for determining the stiffness and damping properties of a composite or composite structure. Pultruded GRP composites and optical fibre cables (multi-component structures) were investigated. The resonance frequencies (natural frequencies) of a material, or a system, are a function of its elastic properties, dimensions and mass. This concept is used to determine the stiffness of a vibrated material by the resonance technique, which applies only very low stresses through the application of acoustic energy. This makes it applicable to measure the stiffness of multi-element cables. The damping properties, in terms of Q-1 (internal friction) were determined by both a free exponential decay curve and half-peak bandwidth methods. The influence of specimen length and measurement set-up was investigated. The applicability and accuracy of the resonance technique for a composite structure were discussed. The measured elasticity of optical cables was found to be in good agreement with the derived theoretical value.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3785-3792
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2000