Endothelial activation, dysfunction, and damage in congestive heart failure and the relation to brain natriuretic peptide and outcomes.
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Congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with marked endothelial dysfunction. We hypothesized that acute and chronic CHF may manifest different degrees of endothelial damage/dysfunction and activation, as reflected by different plasma endothelial markers, such as von Willebrand factor (vWF) and soluble thrombomodulin (both are indexes of endothelial damage/dysfunction) and soluble E-selectin (an index of endothelial activation). Second, we hypothesized a relation between endothelial markers and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP, an index of cardiac function) in acute and chronic CHF that could be linked to prognosis. To test this hypothesis, we studied 35 patients with acute CHF, 40 patients with chronic CHF, and 32 healthy controls. The patients with CHF were followed up for the combined outcomes of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, thromboembolism, and recurrent admissions to the hospital. vWF (p = 0.001), soluble thrombomodulin, E-selectin, and BNP (all p
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||The American Journal of Cardiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2006|