Emperors and Armies, ad 235-395

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Colleges, School and Institutes


This chapter shows that the relationship of emperors and armies had always been intricate, with the realities conveniently concealed behind civilian fictions. In the later Empire military need dictated various changes in Roman military forces in terms of numbers, balance and disposition of forces, and recruitment; the imperial adoption of Christianity also affected the religious attachment of soldiers. These changes should not be seen in too negative a light: after the difficulties of the 3rd century, the Roman army operated as a powerfully effective fighting force throughout the 4th century, and it remained an essentially Roman institution throughout.

Bibliographic note

Originally published 2004. Published in print 2006. Published online 2010.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationApproaching Late Antiquity: The Transformation from Early to Late Empire
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Emperors, Roman army, Roman empire

ASJC Scopus subject areas