Electrophoretic deposition of organic/inorganic composite coatings containing ZnO nanoparticles exhibiting antibacterial properties

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Joanna Karbowniczek
  • Luis Cordero-arias
  • Sannakaisa Virtanen
  • Lorena Tuchscherr
  • Bogdan Rutkowski
  • Kamil Górecki
  • Piotr Bała
  • Aleksandra Czyrska-filemonowicz
  • Aldo R. Boccaccini

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

To address one of the serious problems associated with permanent implants, namely bacterial infections, novel organic/inorganic coatings containing zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO) are proposed. Coatings were obtained by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) on stainless steel 316L. Different deposition conditions namely: deposition times in the range 60–300 s and applied voltage in the range 5–30 V as well as developing a layered coating approach were studied. Antibacterial tests against gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative Salmonella enteric bacteria confirmed the activity of nZnO to prevent bacterial growth. Coatings composition and morphology were analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Moreover, the corrosion resistance was analyzed by evaluation of the polarization curves in DMEM at 37 °C, and it was found that coatings containing nZnO increased the corrosion resistance compared to the bare substrate. Considering all results, the newly developed coatings represent a suitable alternative for the surface modification of metallic implants.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)780-789
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume77
Early online date22 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Antibacterial surfaces , Coatings , Electrophoretic deposition , ZnO nanoparticles , Chitosan , Bioactive glass