Electronic energy transfer and collection in luminescent molecular rods containing ruthenium(II) and osmium(II) 2,2 ': 6 ',2 ''-terpyridine complexes linked by thiophene-2,5-diyl spacers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


  • S Encinas
  • L Flamigni
  • F Barigelletti
  • ER Schofield
  • E Figgemeier
  • D Fenske
  • M Neuburger
  • JG Vos
  • M Zehnder

Colleges, School and Institutes


The electronic absorption spectra, luminescence spectra and lifetimes (in MeCN at room temperature and in frozen n-C3H7CN at 77K). and electrochemical potentials (in MeCN) of the novel dinuclear [(tpy)Ru(3)Os(tpy)](4+) and trinuclear [(tpy)Ru(3)Os(3)Ru(tpy)](6+) complexes (3=2,5-bis(2,2':6',2"-terpyridin-4-yl)thiophene) have been obtained and are compared with those of model mononuclear complexes and homometallic [(tpy)Ru(3)Ru(tpy)](4+), [(tpy)Os(3)Os(tpy)](4+) and [(tpy)Ru(3)Ru(3)Ru(tpy)](6+) complexes. The bridging ligand 3 is nearly planar in the complexes, as seen from a preliminary X-ray determination of [(tpy)Ru(3)Ru(tpy)][PF6](4), and confers a high degree of rigidity upon the polynuclear species. The trinuclear species are rod-shaped with a distance of about 3 nm between the terminal metal centres. For the polynuclear complexes, the spectroscopic and electrochemical data are in accord with a significant intermetal interaction. All of the complexes are luminescent (Phi in the range 10(-4) - 10(-2) and tau in the range 6-340 ns, at room temperature), and ruthenium- or osmium-based luminescence properties can be identified. Due to the excited state properties of the various components and to the geometric and electronic properties of the bridge, Ru --> Os directional transfer of excitation energy takes place in the complexes [(tpy)Ru(3)Os(tpy)](4+) (end-to-end) and [(tpy)Ru(3)Os(3)Ru(tpy)](6+) (periphery-to-centre). With respect to the homometallic case. for [(tpy)Ru(3)Os(3)Ru(tpy)](6+) excitation trapping at the central position is accompanied by a fivefold enhancement of luminescence intensity.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-150
Number of pages14
JournalChemistry: A European Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002


  • luminescence, molecular devices, ruthenium, N ligands