Effects of tobacco smoking on findings in chest computed tomography among asbestos-exposed workers

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This study examined the effects of smoking on the findings in chest computed tomography (CT) in 587 asbestos-exposed construction workers (11 females, 576 males, mean age 62 yrs; 18 never-smokers, 406 exsmokers and 163 current smokers). The workers were imaged with spiral CT and high-resolution CT. A total of 13 radiological signs were scored by three radiologists independently. The workers' medical data, smoking habits and occupational exposures were collected at an interview. The effects of smoking status and smoked pack-yrs (0-87.5) on the CT signs were studied using multivariate analysis adjusted for confounding factors. Smoking increased all emphysema signs and contributed to bronchial wall thickening. Smoking was negatively associated with curvilinear and septal lines as well as with parenchymal bands. In persons who had smoked


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)866-71
Number of pages6
JournalThe European respiratory journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2003