Effects of prolonged whey protein supplementation and resistance training on biomarkers of vitamin B12 status: a 1-year randomized intervention in healthy older adults (the CALM Study)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Effects of prolonged whey protein supplementation and resistance training on biomarkers of vitamin B12 status : a 1-year randomized intervention in healthy older adults (the CALM Study). / Greibe, Eva; Reitelseder, Søren; Bechshøft, Rasmus L.; Bülow, Jacob; Højfeldt, Grith W.; Schacht, Simon R.; Knudsen, Mads L.; Tetens, Inge; Ostenfeld, Marie S.; Mikkelsen, Ulla R.; Heegaard, Christian W.; Nexo, Ebba; Holm, Lars.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 12, No. 7, 2015, 07.07.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Greibe, E, Reitelseder, S, Bechshøft, RL, Bülow, J, Højfeldt, GW, Schacht, SR, Knudsen, ML, Tetens, I, Ostenfeld, MS, Mikkelsen, UR, Heegaard, CW, Nexo, E & Holm, L 2020, 'Effects of prolonged whey protein supplementation and resistance training on biomarkers of vitamin B12 status: a 1-year randomized intervention in healthy older adults (the CALM Study)', Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 7, 2015. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072015

APA

Greibe, E., Reitelseder, S., Bechshøft, R. L., Bülow, J., Højfeldt, G. W., Schacht, S. R., Knudsen, M. L., Tetens, I., Ostenfeld, M. S., Mikkelsen, U. R., Heegaard, C. W., Nexo, E., & Holm, L. (2020). Effects of prolonged whey protein supplementation and resistance training on biomarkers of vitamin B12 status: a 1-year randomized intervention in healthy older adults (the CALM Study). Nutrients, 12(7), [2015]. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072015

Vancouver

Author

Greibe, Eva ; Reitelseder, Søren ; Bechshøft, Rasmus L. ; Bülow, Jacob ; Højfeldt, Grith W. ; Schacht, Simon R. ; Knudsen, Mads L. ; Tetens, Inge ; Ostenfeld, Marie S. ; Mikkelsen, Ulla R. ; Heegaard, Christian W. ; Nexo, Ebba ; Holm, Lars. / Effects of prolonged whey protein supplementation and resistance training on biomarkers of vitamin B12 status : a 1-year randomized intervention in healthy older adults (the CALM Study). In: Nutrients. 2020 ; Vol. 12, No. 7.

Bibtex

@article{28bc1cbf376e43f288dc847ae61a0e48,
title = "Effects of prolonged whey protein supplementation and resistance training on biomarkers of vitamin B12 status: a 1-year randomized intervention in healthy older adults (the CALM Study)",
abstract = "We investigated the effect of long-term whey supplementation on biomarkers of B12 status in healthy older adults subjected to different schemes of supplements and exercise. The total study population examined at baseline consisted of 167 healthy older adults (age ≥ 65 year) who were randomized to 1-y intervention with two daily supplements of (1) whey protein (3.1 µg B12/day) (WHEY-ALL), (2) collagen (1.3 µg B12/day) (COLL), or (3) maltodextrin (0.3 µg B12/day) (CARB). WHEY-ALL was comprised of three groups, who performed heavy resistance training (HRTW), light resistance training (LITW), or no training (WHEY). Dietary intake was assessed through 3-d dietary records. For the longitudinal part of the study, we included only the participants (n = 110), who met the criteria of ≥ 50% compliance to the nutritional intervention and ≥ 66% and ≥ 75% compliance to the heavy and light training, respectively. Fasting blood samples collected at baseline and 12 months and non-fasting samples collected at 6 and 18 months were examined for methylmalonic acid, B12 and holotranscobalamin. At baseline, the study population (n = 167) had an overall adequate dietary B12 intake of median (range) 5.3 (0.7–65) µg/day and median B12 biomarker values within reference intervals. The whey intervention (WHEY-ALL) caused an increase in B12 (P < 0.0001) and holotranscobalamin (P < 0.0001). In addition, methylmalonic acid decreased in the LITW group (P = 0.04). No change in B12 biomarkers was observed during the intervention with collagen or carbohydrate, and the training schedules induced no changes. In conclusion, longer-term daily whey intake increased plasma B12 and holotranscobalamin in older individuals. No effect of intervention with collagen or carbohydrate or different training regimes was observed. Interestingly, the biomarkers of B12 status appeared to be affected by fasting vs. non-fasting conditions during sample collection.",
keywords = "vitamin B12, cobalamin, intervention, whey, whey protein hydrolysate, carbohydrate, maltodextrin, collagen, collagen protein hydrolysate, exercise, fasting versus non-fasting blood samples",
author = "Eva Greibe and S{\o}ren Reitelseder and Bechsh{\o}ft, {Rasmus L.} and Jacob B{\"u}low and H{\o}jfeldt, {Grith W.} and Schacht, {Simon R.} and Knudsen, {Mads L.} and Inge Tetens and Ostenfeld, {Marie S.} and Mikkelsen, {Ulla R.} and Heegaard, {Christian W.} and Ebba Nexo and Lars Holm",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "7",
doi = "10.3390/nu12072015",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Nutrients",
issn = "2072-6643",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of prolonged whey protein supplementation and resistance training on biomarkers of vitamin B12 status

T2 - a 1-year randomized intervention in healthy older adults (the CALM Study)

AU - Greibe, Eva

AU - Reitelseder, Søren

AU - Bechshøft, Rasmus L.

AU - Bülow, Jacob

AU - Højfeldt, Grith W.

AU - Schacht, Simon R.

AU - Knudsen, Mads L.

AU - Tetens, Inge

AU - Ostenfeld, Marie S.

AU - Mikkelsen, Ulla R.

AU - Heegaard, Christian W.

AU - Nexo, Ebba

AU - Holm, Lars

PY - 2020/7/7

Y1 - 2020/7/7

N2 - We investigated the effect of long-term whey supplementation on biomarkers of B12 status in healthy older adults subjected to different schemes of supplements and exercise. The total study population examined at baseline consisted of 167 healthy older adults (age ≥ 65 year) who were randomized to 1-y intervention with two daily supplements of (1) whey protein (3.1 µg B12/day) (WHEY-ALL), (2) collagen (1.3 µg B12/day) (COLL), or (3) maltodextrin (0.3 µg B12/day) (CARB). WHEY-ALL was comprised of three groups, who performed heavy resistance training (HRTW), light resistance training (LITW), or no training (WHEY). Dietary intake was assessed through 3-d dietary records. For the longitudinal part of the study, we included only the participants (n = 110), who met the criteria of ≥ 50% compliance to the nutritional intervention and ≥ 66% and ≥ 75% compliance to the heavy and light training, respectively. Fasting blood samples collected at baseline and 12 months and non-fasting samples collected at 6 and 18 months were examined for methylmalonic acid, B12 and holotranscobalamin. At baseline, the study population (n = 167) had an overall adequate dietary B12 intake of median (range) 5.3 (0.7–65) µg/day and median B12 biomarker values within reference intervals. The whey intervention (WHEY-ALL) caused an increase in B12 (P < 0.0001) and holotranscobalamin (P < 0.0001). In addition, methylmalonic acid decreased in the LITW group (P = 0.04). No change in B12 biomarkers was observed during the intervention with collagen or carbohydrate, and the training schedules induced no changes. In conclusion, longer-term daily whey intake increased plasma B12 and holotranscobalamin in older individuals. No effect of intervention with collagen or carbohydrate or different training regimes was observed. Interestingly, the biomarkers of B12 status appeared to be affected by fasting vs. non-fasting conditions during sample collection.

AB - We investigated the effect of long-term whey supplementation on biomarkers of B12 status in healthy older adults subjected to different schemes of supplements and exercise. The total study population examined at baseline consisted of 167 healthy older adults (age ≥ 65 year) who were randomized to 1-y intervention with two daily supplements of (1) whey protein (3.1 µg B12/day) (WHEY-ALL), (2) collagen (1.3 µg B12/day) (COLL), or (3) maltodextrin (0.3 µg B12/day) (CARB). WHEY-ALL was comprised of three groups, who performed heavy resistance training (HRTW), light resistance training (LITW), or no training (WHEY). Dietary intake was assessed through 3-d dietary records. For the longitudinal part of the study, we included only the participants (n = 110), who met the criteria of ≥ 50% compliance to the nutritional intervention and ≥ 66% and ≥ 75% compliance to the heavy and light training, respectively. Fasting blood samples collected at baseline and 12 months and non-fasting samples collected at 6 and 18 months were examined for methylmalonic acid, B12 and holotranscobalamin. At baseline, the study population (n = 167) had an overall adequate dietary B12 intake of median (range) 5.3 (0.7–65) µg/day and median B12 biomarker values within reference intervals. The whey intervention (WHEY-ALL) caused an increase in B12 (P < 0.0001) and holotranscobalamin (P < 0.0001). In addition, methylmalonic acid decreased in the LITW group (P = 0.04). No change in B12 biomarkers was observed during the intervention with collagen or carbohydrate, and the training schedules induced no changes. In conclusion, longer-term daily whey intake increased plasma B12 and holotranscobalamin in older individuals. No effect of intervention with collagen or carbohydrate or different training regimes was observed. Interestingly, the biomarkers of B12 status appeared to be affected by fasting vs. non-fasting conditions during sample collection.

KW - vitamin B12

KW - cobalamin

KW - intervention

KW - whey

KW - whey protein hydrolysate

KW - carbohydrate

KW - maltodextrin

KW - collagen

KW - collagen protein hydrolysate

KW - exercise

KW - fasting versus non-fasting blood samples

U2 - 10.3390/nu12072015

DO - 10.3390/nu12072015

M3 - Article

VL - 12

JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 7

M1 - 2015

ER -