Effects of alloying elements on the microstructure and inclusion formation in HSLA multipass welds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Colleges, School and Institutes


The effects of Ti, Ni, Mo and Cr on microstructural development, and the chemical composition of the non-metallic inclusions, in high strength low alloy multipass (HSLA) weld metal have been considered. Increasing titanium content, in the range of 50 to 400 ppm, has not caused any major effects on microstructural development. With a further increase in the hardenability, by Ni, Mo and Cr additions, the microstructure has changed from a mixture of allottiomorphic ferrite, Widmanstatten ferrite, acicular ferrite and microphases to a mixture of acicular ferrite, bainite, low carbon martensite and microphases. In weld metals with low titanium content, manganese and silicon were the main chemical elements present in inclusions. Increasing the titanium content in the weld metal leads to an increase in the titanium content of the inclusions. For a very high titanium content, 700 ppm, the amount of titanium in the inclusions varies in the range of 60 to 70 wt.%. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-39
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials Characterization
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007


  • HSLA, microstructure, welds, inclusion