Effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) interventions for anxiety in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) undertaken by respiratory nurses: the COPD CBT CARE study: (ISRCTN55206395)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Karen Heslop
  • Julia Newton
  • Christine Baker
  • Graham Burns
  • Anthony De Soyza

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common co-morbidities in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Serious implications can result from psychological difficulties in COPD including reduced survival, lower quality of life, and reduced physical and social functioning, increased use of health care resources and are associated with unhealthy behaviours such as smoking. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a psychological intervention which is recommended for the treatment of many mental health problems including anxiety and depression. Unfortunately access to trained CBT therapists is limited. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that CBT delivered by respiratory nurses is effective in the COPD population. In this paper the design of the Newcastle Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Study (Newcastle COPD CBT Care Study) is described.

METHODS/DESIGN: This is a prospective open randomised controlled trial comparing CBT with self-help leaflets. The primary outcome measure is the Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale (HADS) - anxiety subscale. Secondary outcome measures include disease specific quality of life COPD Assessment Tool (CAT), generic quality of life (EQ5D) and HADS-depression subscale. Patients will be followed up at three, six and 12 months following randomisation.

DISCUSSION: This is the first randomised controlled trial to evaluate the use of cognitive behavioural therapy undertaken by respiratory nurses. Recruitment has commenced and should be complete by February 2014.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials, ISRCTN55206395.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number62
JournalBMC Pulmonary Medicine
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Anxiety, Cognitive Therapy, Follow-Up Studies, Great Britain, Humans, Intelligence Tests, Nurses, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Prospective Studies, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, Pulmonary Medicine, Quality of Life, Survival Rate, Treatment Outcome