Effectiveness and safety of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Hyunjean Jung
  • Pil-Sung Yang
  • Eunsun Jang
  • Hee Tae Yu
  • Tae-Hoon Kim
  • Jae-Sun Uhm
  • Jong-Youn Kim
  • Hui-Nam Pak
  • Moon-Hyoung Lee
  • Boyoung Joung

Colleges, School and Institutes


Background: Chronic anticoagulation is recommended in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative to warfarin, but there are limited data to support their use in patients with HCM and AF. We sought to compare thromboembolic events, bleeding, and mortality between NOAC and warfarin in patients with HCM and AF.

Methods:From the Korean National Health Insurance Service database during the period from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2016, we identified a warfarin-treated group of patients with HCM and AF (n = 955) who were compared with a 1:2 propensity-matched NOAC treated group (n = 1,504).

Results: After a median follow-up of 16 months, the incidence rates of ischemic stroke and major bleeding were similar between NOAC- and warfarin-treated patients with HCM and AF. NOAC-treated patients had lower incidence rates for all-cause mortality (5.11 and 10.13 events per 100 person-years for NOAC and warfarin groups) and the composite of fatal cardiovascular events (0.77 and 1.80 events per 100 person-years). Compared with warfarin, use of NOACs was associated with a significantly lower risk of all cause-mortality (hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.32-0.57) and composite fatal cardiovascular events (hazard ratio, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.18-0.82).

Conclusions: Compared with warfarin, patients with HCM and AF on NOACs had similar stroke and major bleeding risks, but lower all-cause mortality and composite fatal cardiovascular events. Our data suggest that patients with HCM and AF can be safely and effectively treated with NOACs.


Original languageEnglish
Early online date22 Nov 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Nov 2018


  • atrial fibrillation, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants, ischemic stroke