Effective communication following pregnancy loss: A study in England

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Louise Austin
  • Sarah Turner
  • Danielle Fuller
  • Karolina Kuberska

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Bristol
  • Coventry University
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Alberta


Each year in the UK there are approximately 250,000 miscarriages, 3,000 stillbirths and 3,000 terminations following a diagnosis of foetal-abnormality. This paper draws from original empirical research into the experience of pregnancy loss and the accompanying decision-making processes. A key finding is that there is considerable variation across England in the range of options that are offered for disposal of pregnancy remains and the ways in which information around disposal are communicated. This analysis seeks to outline the key features of what constitutes effective communication in this context, where effective communication is taken to mean that patients are provided with the key information necessary, in an appropriate manner, so that they are fully able to make a decision. A primary source of evidence includes interviews with the bereaved and pregnancy-loss support workers, in order to understand how the options available, and associated necessary procedures, are communicated. In addition, patient information leaflets are also analysed as they offer an important tool for information delivery at a difficult and emotionally charged time. Following this, an overview is provided of the information that these leaflets should contain along with guidance on effective presentation of this information.


Original languageEnglish
JournalCambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Pregnancy loss, Communication, Metaphor