Effect of the calcium halides, CaCl2 and CaBr2, on hydrogen desorption in the Li–Mg–N–H system
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Calcium-halide-doped lithium amide–magnesium hydride samples were prepared both by hand-grinding and ball-milling 2LiNH2–MgH2–xCaX2 (x = 0, 0.1, and 0.15; X = Cl or Br). The addition of calcium halides reduced the hydrogen desorption temperature in all samples. The ball-milled undoped sample (2LiNH2–MgH2) began to desorb hydrogen at around 125 °C and peaked at 170 °C. Hydrogen desorption from the 0.15 mol CaCl2-containing sample began ca 30 °C lower than that of the undoped sample and peaked at 150 °C. Both the onset and peak temperatures of the CaBr2 sample (x = 0.15) were reduced by 15 °C compared to the chloride. Kissinger’s method was used to calculate the effective activation energy (Ea) for the systems: Ea for the 0.15 mol CaCl2-containing sample was found to be 91.8 kJ mol-1 and the value for the 0.15 mol CaBr2-containing sample was 78.8 kJ mol-1.
|Journal||Journal of Alloys and Compounds|
|Early online date||30 Jan 2015|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 30 Jan 2015|