Effect of simulated combustor temperature nonuniformity on HP vane and end wall heat transfer: An experimental and computational investigation

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Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Oxford
  • Rolls Royce PLC


This paper presents experimental measurements and computational predictions of surface and end wall heat transfer for a high-pressure (HP) nozzle guide vane operating as part of a full HP turbine stage in an annular rotating turbine facility, with and without inlet temperature distortion (hot streaks). A detailed aerodynamic survey of the vane surface is also presented. The test turbine was the unshrouded MT1 turbine, installed in the Turbine Test Facility (previously called Isentropic Light Piston Facility) at QinetiQ, Farnborough, UK. This is a short-duration facility, which simulates engine-representative M, Re, nondimensional speed, and gas-to-wall temperature ratio at the turbine inlet. The facility has recently been upgraded to incorporate an advanced second-generation combustor simulator, capable of simulating well-defined, aggressive temperature profiles in both the radial and circumferential directions. This work forms part of the pan-European research program, TATEF II. Measurements of HP vane and end wall heat transfer obtained with inlet temperature distortion are compared with results for uniform inlet conditions. Steady and unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) predictions have also been conducted on vane and end wall surfaces using the Rolls-Royce CFD code HYDRA to complement the analysis of experimental results. The heat transfer measurements presented in this paper are the first of their kind in that the temperature distortion is representative of an extreme cycle point, and was simulated with good periodicity and with well-defined boundary conditions in the test turbine.


Original languageEnglish
Article number031901
JournalJournal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011


  • aerothermodynamics, end wall, heat transfer, hot streak, HP NGV, OTDF, RTDF, stator, transonic turbine, vane