Effect of regiochemistry and methylation on the anticancer activity of a ferrocene‐containing organometallic nucleoside analogue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Media K. Ismail
  • Marium Rana
  • Sarah L. Horswell
  • Louise Male
  • Huy V. Nguyen
  • Isolda Romero‐Canelón
  • Edward A. Wilkinson
  • Nikolas J. Hodges

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Four new bis-substituted ferrocene derivatives containing either a hydroxyalkyl or methoxyalkyl group and either a thyminyl or methylthyminyl group have been synthesised and characterised by a range of spectroscopic and analytical techniques. They were included in a structure-activity-relationship (SAR) study probing anticancer activities in osteosarcoma (bone cancer) cell lines and were compared with a known lead compound, 1-(S,R p), a nucleoside analogue that is highly toxic to cancer cells. Biological studies using the MTT assay revealed that a regioisomer of ferronucleoside 1-(S,R p), which only differs from the lead compound in being substituted on two cyclopentadienyl rings rather than one, was over 20 times less cytotoxic. On the other hand, methylated derivatives of 1-(S,R p) showed comparable cytotoxicities to the lead compound. Overall these studies indicate that a mechanism of action for 1-(S,R p) cannot proceed through alcohol phosphorylation and that its geometry and size, rather than any particular functional group, are crucial factors in explaining its high anticancer activity.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalChemBioChem
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Ferrocene, anticancer, bioorganometallic, metallodrug, nucleoside analogue