Effect of linagliptin monotherapy on glycaemic control and markers of beta-cell function in patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • S Del Prato
  • H Huisman
  • D Neubacher
  • HJ Woerle
  • KA Dugi

Colleges, School and Institutes


Methods: This multicentre, randomized, parallel group, phase III study compared linagliptin treatment (5 mg once daily, n = 336) with placebo (n = 167) for 24 weeks in type 2 diabetes patients. Before randomization, patients pretreated with one OAD underwent a washout period of 6 weeks, which included a placebo run-in period during the last 2 weeks. Patients previously untreated with an OAD underwent a 2-week placebo run-in period. The primary endpoint was the change in HbA1c from baseline after 24 weeks of treatment. Results: Linagliptin treatment resulted in a placebo-corrected change in HbA1c from baseline of -0.69% (p <0.0001) at 24 weeks. In patients with baseline HbA1c >= 9.0%, the adjusted reduction in HbA1c was 1.01% (p <0.0001). Patients treated with linagliptin were more likely to achieve a reduction in HbA1c of >= 0.5% at 24 weeks than those in the placebo arm (47.1 and 19.0%, respectively; odds ratio, OR = 4.2, p <0.0001). Fasting plasma glucose improved by -1.3 mmol/l (p <0.0001) with linagliptin vs. placebo, and linagliptin produced an adjusted mean reduction from baseline after 24 weeks in 2-h postprandial glucose of -3.2 mmol/l (p <0.0001). Statistically significant and relevant treatment differences were observed for proinsulin/insulin ratio (p = 0.025), Homeostasis Model Assessment-%B (p = 0.049) and disposition index (p = 0.0005). There was no excess of hypoglycaemic episodes with linagliptin vs. placebo and no patient required third-party intervention. Mild or moderate renal impairment did not influence the trough plasma levels of linagliptin. Conclusions: Monotherapy with linagliptin produced a significant, clinically meaningful and sustained improvement in glycaemic control, accompanied by enhanced parameters of beta-cell function. The safety profile of linagliptin was comparable with that of placebo.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-267
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011


  • glycaemic control, monotherapy, DPP-4 inhibitor, dipeptidyl peptidase-4, type 2 diabetes, linagliptin