Effect of inlet valve timing and water blending on bioethanol HCCI combustion using forced induction and residual gas trapping

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It has been shown previously that applying forced induction to homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion of bioethanol with residual gas trapping, results in a greatly extended engine load range compared to normal aspiration operation. However, at very high boost pressures, very high cylinder pressure rise rates develop. The approach documented here explores two ways that might have an effect on combustion in order to lower the maximum pressure rise rates and further improve the emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx); inlet valve timing and water blending. It was found that there is an optimal inlet valve timing. When the timing was significantly advanced or retarded away from the optimal, the combustion phasing could be retarded for a given lambda (excess air ratio). However, this would result in higher loads and lower lambdas for a given boost pressure, with possibly higher NOx emissions. increasing the water content in ethanol gave similar results as the non-optimal inlet valve timing. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-739
Number of pages8
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008


  • fuel water blending, bioethanol, valve timing, HCCI