Effect of fibre reinforcement on the friction and wear of polyamide 66 under dry rolling-sliding contact

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  • University of Birmingham
  • Materials Group


An investigation into the effect of fibre reinforcement on the friction and wear of PA66 in rolling-sliding contact is reported. Three types of short fibre - aramid, carbon and glass - were examined with the composites running against identical materials in a twin disc machine. It was found that the aramid-fibre reinforcement did not significantly alter the friction of the matrix material. However, both the carbon-fibre and glass-fibre reinforcement reduced the coefficient of friction substantially. Wear of the aramid- and carbon-fibre composites was essentially linear with time and generally around ten times greater than that of the unreinforced material. The wear of the glass-fibre composite was complex with an initial period where the wear rate was similar to that of the unreinforced material. After a significant depth of wear had occurred the wear rate changed to a value similar to, but slightly higher than, that of the other reinforced materials. It appears that one of the major benefits of introducing fibre reinforcement, particularly glass, is that it reduces the coefficient of friction and hence allows the material to be used for higher duties without exceeding the softening point of the matrix. This increase in duty is, however, at the expense of an increased wear rate and shorter component life.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-116
Number of pages10
JournalTribology International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999