Effect of fasting on the VO2-f (h) relationship in king penguins, Aptenodytes patagonicus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

King penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) may fast for up to 30 days during their breeding period. As such extended fasting may affect the relationship between the rate of O-2 consumption ((V) over dot O-2) and heart rate (f(H)), five male king penguins were exercised at various speeds on repeated occasions during a fasting period of 24 - 31 days. In addition, (V) over dot O-2 and f(H) were measured in the same animals during rest in cold air and water ( 4 degreesC). (V) over dot O-2 and f(H) at rest and (V) over dot O-2 during exercise decreased with fasting. There was a significant relation between (V) over dot O-2 and f(H) (r(2) = 0.56) that was improved by including speed, body mass (M-b), number of days fasting (t), and a cross term between f(H) and t (r(2) = 0.92). It was concluded that there was a significant change in the (V) over dot O-2-f(H) relationship with fasting during exercise. As t is measurable in the field and was shown to be significant and, therefore, a practical covariate, a regression equation for use when birds are ashore was obtained by removing speed and M-b. When this equation was used, predicted (V) over dot O-2 was in good agreement with the observed data, with an overall error of 3.0%. There was no change in the (V) over dot O-2-f(H) relationship in penguins at rest in water.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)870-877
Number of pages8
JournalAJP Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume287
Issue number4
Early online date27 May 2004
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2004

Keywords

  • sea bird, metabolic rate, heart rate technique, body composition, exercise