Effect of additives, ball milling and isotopic exchange in porous magnesium borohydride

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Michael Heere
  • Olena Zavorotynska
  • Stedano Deledda
  • Magnus Sørby
  • Theodore Steriotis
  • Bjørn Hauback

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Institute for Energy Technology, Kjeller
  • N.C.S.R. Demokritos

Abstract

Magnesium borohydride (Mg(BH4)2) is a promising material for solid state hydrogen storage. However, the predicted reversible hydrogen sorption properties at moderate temperatures have not been reached due to sluggish hydrogen sorption kinetics. Hydrogen (H) / deuterium (D) exchange experiments can contribute to the understanding of the stability of the BH4 anion. Pure g-Mg(BH4)2, ball milled Mg(BH4)2 and composites with the additives nickel triboride (Ni3B) and diniobium pentaoxide (Nb2O5) have been investigated. In situ Raman analysis demonstrated that in pure g-Mg(BH4)2 the isotopic exchange reaction during continuous heating started at $80 C, while the ball milled sample did not show any exchange at 3 bar D2. However, during ex situ exchange reactions investigated by infrared (IR) and thermogravimetric (TG) analyses a comparable H / D exchange during long exposures (23 h) to deuterium atmosphere was observed for as received, ball milled and g-Mg(BH4)2 + Nb2O5, while the Ni3B additive hindered isotopic exchange. The specific surface areas (SSA) were shown to be very different for as received g-Mg(BH4)2, BET area 1⁄4 900 m2 g1, and ball milled Mg(BH4)2, BET area 1⁄4 30 m2 g1, respectively, and this explains why no gas–solid H(D) diffusion was observed for the ball milled (amorphous) Mg(BH4)2 during the short time frames of in situ Raman measurements. The heat treated ball milled sample partially regained the porous g-Mg(BH4)2 structure (BET area 1⁄4 560 m2 g1). This in combination with the long reaction times allowing for the reaction to approach equilibrium explains the observed gas–solid H(D) diffusion during long exposure. We have also demonstrated that a small amount of D can be substituted in both high surface area and low surface area samples at room temperature proving that the B–H bonds in Mg(BH4)2 can be challenged at the mild conditions.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27645-27653
Number of pages9
JournalRSC Advances
Volume2018
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2018