Economic self-reliance or social relations? What works in refugee integration? Learning from resettlement programmes in Japan and the UK

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Economic self-reliance or social relations? What works in refugee integration? Learning from resettlement programmes in Japan and the UK. / Phillimore, Jenny; Morrice, Linda; Kabe, Kunihiko; Hashimoto, Naoko; Hassan, Sara; Reyes Soto, Marisol.

In: Comparative Migration Studies, Vol. 9, No. 1, 17, 28.04.2021.

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@article{f218914ef91d4f9b8f4c7d954574de78,
title = "Economic self-reliance or social relations? What works in refugee integration? Learning from resettlement programmes in Japan and the UK",
abstract = "There is an urgent need to expand the scale and scope of refugee resettlement schemes, and yet country approaches to resettlement vary markedly and there is little cross-country learning from approaches and refugee experiences. In Japan, resettlement focuses on economic self-sufficiency through employment; whereas the UK, through Community Sponsorship volunteers, on providing social connections to facilitate integration. This paper explores the strengths and short-comings of each approach and examines the ways in which refugee resettlement programmes prioritising different integration domains might influence refugee experiences of integration more widely. Drawing on principles and domains set out in the Indicators of Integration Framework (Ndofor-Tah, C. Strang, A. Phillimore, J. Morrice, L., Michael, L., Wood, P., Simmons, J. (2019) Home Office Indicators of Integration framework 2019), insight is provided into the multi-dimensionality of integration and new understandings about the nature of social connections are offered. The findings highlight the context specific nature of integration policy and practice and underline the importance of a holistic approach. We conclude that resettlement initiatives might incorporate both employers and local communities working in collaboration to support newly arrived refugees but with some state involvement.",
keywords = "Community sponsorship scheme, Economic self-sufficiency, Integration, Refugees, Resettlement",
author = "Jenny Phillimore and Linda Morrice and Kunihiko Kabe and Naoko Hashimoto and Sara Hassan and {Reyes Soto}, Marisol",
note = "Funding Information: We are grateful for the financial support from the Quality-Related Strategic Priorities Funding, UKRI 2019–2020, College of Social Sciences and ESRC IAA. Funding Information: The authors wish to acknowledge the financial contributions of the Economic and Social Research Council which enabled the establishment of the NODE UK/Japan network which facilitated our collaboration. Thanks are due too to the Japan Foundation for contributing to the symposium at Waseda University in December 2019 wherein the authors began working together. We are extremely grateful for the time that refugee respondents in both the UK and Japan shared with us and their generous efforts to share their experiences. We are thankful too to the Community Sponsorship groups in the UK who helped set up these interviews. Finally thanks go to the UKRI and ESRC IAA funds for enabling us to undertake the interviews in the UK. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021, The Author(s).",
year = "2021",
month = apr,
day = "28",
doi = "10.1186/s40878-021-00223-7",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Comparative Migration Studies",
issn = "2214-594X",
publisher = "Springer Open",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Economic self-reliance or social relations? What works in refugee integration? Learning from resettlement programmes in Japan and the UK

AU - Phillimore, Jenny

AU - Morrice, Linda

AU - Kabe, Kunihiko

AU - Hashimoto, Naoko

AU - Hassan, Sara

AU - Reyes Soto, Marisol

N1 - Funding Information: We are grateful for the financial support from the Quality-Related Strategic Priorities Funding, UKRI 2019–2020, College of Social Sciences and ESRC IAA. Funding Information: The authors wish to acknowledge the financial contributions of the Economic and Social Research Council which enabled the establishment of the NODE UK/Japan network which facilitated our collaboration. Thanks are due too to the Japan Foundation for contributing to the symposium at Waseda University in December 2019 wherein the authors began working together. We are extremely grateful for the time that refugee respondents in both the UK and Japan shared with us and their generous efforts to share their experiences. We are thankful too to the Community Sponsorship groups in the UK who helped set up these interviews. Finally thanks go to the UKRI and ESRC IAA funds for enabling us to undertake the interviews in the UK. Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s).

PY - 2021/4/28

Y1 - 2021/4/28

N2 - There is an urgent need to expand the scale and scope of refugee resettlement schemes, and yet country approaches to resettlement vary markedly and there is little cross-country learning from approaches and refugee experiences. In Japan, resettlement focuses on economic self-sufficiency through employment; whereas the UK, through Community Sponsorship volunteers, on providing social connections to facilitate integration. This paper explores the strengths and short-comings of each approach and examines the ways in which refugee resettlement programmes prioritising different integration domains might influence refugee experiences of integration more widely. Drawing on principles and domains set out in the Indicators of Integration Framework (Ndofor-Tah, C. Strang, A. Phillimore, J. Morrice, L., Michael, L., Wood, P., Simmons, J. (2019) Home Office Indicators of Integration framework 2019), insight is provided into the multi-dimensionality of integration and new understandings about the nature of social connections are offered. The findings highlight the context specific nature of integration policy and practice and underline the importance of a holistic approach. We conclude that resettlement initiatives might incorporate both employers and local communities working in collaboration to support newly arrived refugees but with some state involvement.

AB - There is an urgent need to expand the scale and scope of refugee resettlement schemes, and yet country approaches to resettlement vary markedly and there is little cross-country learning from approaches and refugee experiences. In Japan, resettlement focuses on economic self-sufficiency through employment; whereas the UK, through Community Sponsorship volunteers, on providing social connections to facilitate integration. This paper explores the strengths and short-comings of each approach and examines the ways in which refugee resettlement programmes prioritising different integration domains might influence refugee experiences of integration more widely. Drawing on principles and domains set out in the Indicators of Integration Framework (Ndofor-Tah, C. Strang, A. Phillimore, J. Morrice, L., Michael, L., Wood, P., Simmons, J. (2019) Home Office Indicators of Integration framework 2019), insight is provided into the multi-dimensionality of integration and new understandings about the nature of social connections are offered. The findings highlight the context specific nature of integration policy and practice and underline the importance of a holistic approach. We conclude that resettlement initiatives might incorporate both employers and local communities working in collaboration to support newly arrived refugees but with some state involvement.

KW - Community sponsorship scheme

KW - Economic self-sufficiency

KW - Integration

KW - Refugees

KW - Resettlement

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85104959206&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s40878-021-00223-7

DO - 10.1186/s40878-021-00223-7

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Comparative Migration Studies

JF - Comparative Migration Studies

SN - 2214-594X

IS - 1

M1 - 17

ER -