Eclampsia, a comparison within the International Network of Obstetric Survey Systems

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Eclampsia, a comparison within the International Network of Obstetric Survey Systems. / Schaap, T P; Knight, M; Zwart, J J; Kurinczuk, J J; Brocklehurst, Peter; van Roosmalen, J; Bloemenkamp, K W M.

In: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Vol. 121, No. 12, 11.2014, p. 1521-1528.

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APA

Schaap, T. P., Knight, M., Zwart, J. J., Kurinczuk, J. J., Brocklehurst, P., van Roosmalen, J., & Bloemenkamp, K. W. M. (2014). Eclampsia, a comparison within the International Network of Obstetric Survey Systems. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 121(12), 1521-1528. https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.12712

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Schaap, T P ; Knight, M ; Zwart, J J ; Kurinczuk, J J ; Brocklehurst, Peter ; van Roosmalen, J ; Bloemenkamp, K W M. / Eclampsia, a comparison within the International Network of Obstetric Survey Systems. In: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2014 ; Vol. 121, No. 12. pp. 1521-1528.

Bibtex

@article{26f04975788148cf9390615ebd9ee9fd,
title = "Eclampsia, a comparison within the International Network of Obstetric Survey Systems",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To compare incidences, characteristics, management and outcome of eclampsia in the Netherlands and the UK.DESIGN: A comparative analysis of two population-based prospective cohort studies.SETTING: All hospitals with consultant-led maternity units.POPULATION: Women with eclampsia in the Netherlands (226) and the UK (264).METHODS: Comparison of individual level data from national studies in the Netherlands and the UK (LEMMoN 2004-06; UKOSS 2005/06).MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence, maternal complications and differences in management strategies.RESULTS: Incidences of eclampsia differed significantly between both countries: the Netherlands 5.4/10,000 deliveries versus UK 2.7/10,000 (relative risk [RR] 1.94, 95% confidence intervals [95% CI] 1.6-2.4). The proportion of women with a preceding diagnosis of pre-eclampsia was comparable between both countries (the Netherlands 42%; UK 43%), as was the proportion who received magnesium sulphate prophylaxis. Women in the Netherlands had a significantly higher maximum diastolic blood pressure (111 mmHg versus 95 mmHg, P < 0.001); significantly fewer received anti-hypertensive medication (16% versus 71%; RR 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-0.3) and were treated less often with magnesium sulphate after their first fit (95% versus 99%; RR 0.96, 95% CI 0.92-0.99). Maternal death occurred in three cases in the Netherlands compared with zero in the UK.CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of eclampsia in the Netherlands was twice as high compared with the UK when using uniform definitions. Women with eclampsia in the Netherlands were not managed according to guidelines, particularly with respect to blood pressure management. Changes in management practice may reduce both incidence and poor outcomes.",
keywords = "Adult, Anticonvulsants, Antihypertensive Agents, Eclampsia, Female, Great Britain, Humans, Incidence, Magnesium Sulfate, Netherlands, Pre-Eclampsia, Pregnancy, Retrospective Studies, Comparative Study, Journal Article",
author = "Schaap, {T P} and M Knight and Zwart, {J J} and Kurinczuk, {J J} and Peter Brocklehurst and {van Roosmalen}, J and Bloemenkamp, {K W M}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2014 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.",
year = "2014",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1111/1471-0528.12712",
language = "English",
volume = "121",
pages = "1521--1528",
journal = "BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology",
issn = "1470-0328",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eclampsia, a comparison within the International Network of Obstetric Survey Systems

AU - Schaap, T P

AU - Knight, M

AU - Zwart, J J

AU - Kurinczuk, J J

AU - Brocklehurst, Peter

AU - van Roosmalen, J

AU - Bloemenkamp, K W M

N1 - © 2014 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

PY - 2014/11

Y1 - 2014/11

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare incidences, characteristics, management and outcome of eclampsia in the Netherlands and the UK.DESIGN: A comparative analysis of two population-based prospective cohort studies.SETTING: All hospitals with consultant-led maternity units.POPULATION: Women with eclampsia in the Netherlands (226) and the UK (264).METHODS: Comparison of individual level data from national studies in the Netherlands and the UK (LEMMoN 2004-06; UKOSS 2005/06).MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence, maternal complications and differences in management strategies.RESULTS: Incidences of eclampsia differed significantly between both countries: the Netherlands 5.4/10,000 deliveries versus UK 2.7/10,000 (relative risk [RR] 1.94, 95% confidence intervals [95% CI] 1.6-2.4). The proportion of women with a preceding diagnosis of pre-eclampsia was comparable between both countries (the Netherlands 42%; UK 43%), as was the proportion who received magnesium sulphate prophylaxis. Women in the Netherlands had a significantly higher maximum diastolic blood pressure (111 mmHg versus 95 mmHg, P < 0.001); significantly fewer received anti-hypertensive medication (16% versus 71%; RR 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-0.3) and were treated less often with magnesium sulphate after their first fit (95% versus 99%; RR 0.96, 95% CI 0.92-0.99). Maternal death occurred in three cases in the Netherlands compared with zero in the UK.CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of eclampsia in the Netherlands was twice as high compared with the UK when using uniform definitions. Women with eclampsia in the Netherlands were not managed according to guidelines, particularly with respect to blood pressure management. Changes in management practice may reduce both incidence and poor outcomes.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To compare incidences, characteristics, management and outcome of eclampsia in the Netherlands and the UK.DESIGN: A comparative analysis of two population-based prospective cohort studies.SETTING: All hospitals with consultant-led maternity units.POPULATION: Women with eclampsia in the Netherlands (226) and the UK (264).METHODS: Comparison of individual level data from national studies in the Netherlands and the UK (LEMMoN 2004-06; UKOSS 2005/06).MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence, maternal complications and differences in management strategies.RESULTS: Incidences of eclampsia differed significantly between both countries: the Netherlands 5.4/10,000 deliveries versus UK 2.7/10,000 (relative risk [RR] 1.94, 95% confidence intervals [95% CI] 1.6-2.4). The proportion of women with a preceding diagnosis of pre-eclampsia was comparable between both countries (the Netherlands 42%; UK 43%), as was the proportion who received magnesium sulphate prophylaxis. Women in the Netherlands had a significantly higher maximum diastolic blood pressure (111 mmHg versus 95 mmHg, P < 0.001); significantly fewer received anti-hypertensive medication (16% versus 71%; RR 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-0.3) and were treated less often with magnesium sulphate after their first fit (95% versus 99%; RR 0.96, 95% CI 0.92-0.99). Maternal death occurred in three cases in the Netherlands compared with zero in the UK.CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of eclampsia in the Netherlands was twice as high compared with the UK when using uniform definitions. Women with eclampsia in the Netherlands were not managed according to guidelines, particularly with respect to blood pressure management. Changes in management practice may reduce both incidence and poor outcomes.

KW - Adult

KW - Anticonvulsants

KW - Antihypertensive Agents

KW - Eclampsia

KW - Female

KW - Great Britain

KW - Humans

KW - Incidence

KW - Magnesium Sulfate

KW - Netherlands

KW - Pre-Eclampsia

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Retrospective Studies

KW - Comparative Study

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1111/1471-0528.12712

DO - 10.1111/1471-0528.12712

M3 - Article

C2 - 24636369

VL - 121

SP - 1521

EP - 1528

JO - BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

JF - BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

SN - 1470-0328

IS - 12

ER -