Eating ‘attentively’ reduces later energy consumption in overweight and obese females

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Eating ‘attentively’ reduces later energy consumption in overweight and obese females. / Robinson, Eric; Kersbergen, Inge; Higgs, Suzanne.

In: The British journal of nutrition, Vol. 112, No. 4, 08.2014, p. 657-61.

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@article{4d259ecdd4934d4bbbafd4532b05ba78,
title = "Eating {\textquoteleft}attentively{\textquoteright} reduces later energy consumption in overweight and obese females",
abstract = "Attentional and memory processes underpin appetite control, but whether encouraging overweight individuals to eat more 'attentively' can promote reductions in energy consumption is unclear. In the present study with a between-subjects design, a total of forty-eight overweight and obese females consumed a fixed lunchtime meal. Their ad libitum energy intake of high-energy snack food was observed during a second laboratory session that occurred later that day. In the focused-attention condition, participants ate their lunch while listening to audio instructions that encouraged them to pay attention to the food being eaten. In a control condition, participants ate while listening to an audio book with a neutral (non-food-related) content. To test whether focused attention influenced food intake via enhancing the memory of the earlier consumed meal, we measured the participants' memory of their lunchtime meal. Ad libitum snack intake was approximately 30 % lower for participants in the focused-attention condition than for those in the control condition, and this difference was statistically significant. There was limited evidence that attention decreased later food intake by enhancing memory representation of the earlier consumed meal. Eating attentively can lead to a substantial decrease in later energy intake in overweight and obese individuals. Behavioural strategies that encourage a more 'attentive' way of eating could promote sustained reductions in energy intake and weight loss.",
author = "Eric Robinson and Inge Kersbergen and Suzanne Higgs",
year = "2014",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1017/S000711451400141X",
language = "English",
volume = "112",
pages = "657--61",
journal = "The British journal of nutrition",
issn = "0007-1145",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eating ‘attentively’ reduces later energy consumption in overweight and obese females

AU - Robinson, Eric

AU - Kersbergen, Inge

AU - Higgs, Suzanne

PY - 2014/8

Y1 - 2014/8

N2 - Attentional and memory processes underpin appetite control, but whether encouraging overweight individuals to eat more 'attentively' can promote reductions in energy consumption is unclear. In the present study with a between-subjects design, a total of forty-eight overweight and obese females consumed a fixed lunchtime meal. Their ad libitum energy intake of high-energy snack food was observed during a second laboratory session that occurred later that day. In the focused-attention condition, participants ate their lunch while listening to audio instructions that encouraged them to pay attention to the food being eaten. In a control condition, participants ate while listening to an audio book with a neutral (non-food-related) content. To test whether focused attention influenced food intake via enhancing the memory of the earlier consumed meal, we measured the participants' memory of their lunchtime meal. Ad libitum snack intake was approximately 30 % lower for participants in the focused-attention condition than for those in the control condition, and this difference was statistically significant. There was limited evidence that attention decreased later food intake by enhancing memory representation of the earlier consumed meal. Eating attentively can lead to a substantial decrease in later energy intake in overweight and obese individuals. Behavioural strategies that encourage a more 'attentive' way of eating could promote sustained reductions in energy intake and weight loss.

AB - Attentional and memory processes underpin appetite control, but whether encouraging overweight individuals to eat more 'attentively' can promote reductions in energy consumption is unclear. In the present study with a between-subjects design, a total of forty-eight overweight and obese females consumed a fixed lunchtime meal. Their ad libitum energy intake of high-energy snack food was observed during a second laboratory session that occurred later that day. In the focused-attention condition, participants ate their lunch while listening to audio instructions that encouraged them to pay attention to the food being eaten. In a control condition, participants ate while listening to an audio book with a neutral (non-food-related) content. To test whether focused attention influenced food intake via enhancing the memory of the earlier consumed meal, we measured the participants' memory of their lunchtime meal. Ad libitum snack intake was approximately 30 % lower for participants in the focused-attention condition than for those in the control condition, and this difference was statistically significant. There was limited evidence that attention decreased later food intake by enhancing memory representation of the earlier consumed meal. Eating attentively can lead to a substantial decrease in later energy intake in overweight and obese individuals. Behavioural strategies that encourage a more 'attentive' way of eating could promote sustained reductions in energy intake and weight loss.

U2 - 10.1017/S000711451400141X

DO - 10.1017/S000711451400141X

M3 - Article

C2 - 24933322

VL - 112

SP - 657

EP - 661

JO - The British journal of nutrition

JF - The British journal of nutrition

SN - 0007-1145

IS - 4

ER -