Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. / Parfitt, SA; Ashton, NM; Lewis, SG; Abel, RL; Coope, Geoffrey; Field, MH; Gale, R; Hoare, PG; Larkin, NR; Lewis, MD; Karloukovski, V; Maher, BA; Peglar, SM; Preece, RC; Whittaker, JE; Stringer, CB.

In: Nature, Vol. 466, No. 7303, 01.07.2010, p. 229-233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Parfitt, SA, Ashton, NM, Lewis, SG, Abel, RL, Coope, G, Field, MH, Gale, R, Hoare, PG, Larkin, NR, Lewis, MD, Karloukovski, V, Maher, BA, Peglar, SM, Preece, RC, Whittaker, JE & Stringer, CB 2010, 'Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe', Nature, vol. 466, no. 7303, pp. 229-233. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09117

APA

Parfitt, SA., Ashton, NM., Lewis, SG., Abel, RL., Coope, G., Field, MH., Gale, R., Hoare, PG., Larkin, NR., Lewis, MD., Karloukovski, V., Maher, BA., Peglar, SM., Preece, RC., Whittaker, JE., & Stringer, CB. (2010). Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. Nature, 466(7303), 229-233. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09117

Vancouver

Parfitt SA, Ashton NM, Lewis SG, Abel RL, Coope G, Field MH et al. Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. Nature. 2010 Jul 1;466(7303):229-233. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09117

Author

Parfitt, SA ; Ashton, NM ; Lewis, SG ; Abel, RL ; Coope, Geoffrey ; Field, MH ; Gale, R ; Hoare, PG ; Larkin, NR ; Lewis, MD ; Karloukovski, V ; Maher, BA ; Peglar, SM ; Preece, RC ; Whittaker, JE ; Stringer, CB. / Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. In: Nature. 2010 ; Vol. 466, No. 7303. pp. 229-233.

Bibtex

@article{95148bbb66c444b5a83e7106818e5db5,
title = "Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe",
abstract = "The dispersal of early humans from Africa by 1.75 Myr ago led to a marked expansion of their range, from the island of Flores in the east to the Iberian peninsula in the west(1-5). This range encompassed tropical forest, savannah and Mediterranean habitats, but has hitherto not been demonstrated beyond 45 degrees N. Until recently, early colonization in Europe was thought to be confined to the area south of the Pyrenees and Alps. However, evidence from Pakefield (Suffolk, UK) at similar to 0.7 Myrindicated that humans occupied northern European latitudes when a Mediterranean-type climate prevailed(6). This provided the basis for an 'ebb and flow' model, where human populations were thought to survive in southern refugia during cold stages, only expanding northwards during fully temperate climates(5). Here we present new evidence from Happisburgh (Norfolk, UK) demonstrating that Early Pleistocene hominins were present in northern Europe >0.78 Myr ago when they were able to survive at the southern edge of the boreal zone. This has significant implications for our understanding of early human behaviour, adaptation and survival, as well as the tempo and mode of colonization after their first dispersal out of Africa.",
author = "SA Parfitt and NM Ashton and SG Lewis and RL Abel and Geoffrey Coope and MH Field and R Gale and PG Hoare and NR Larkin and MD Lewis and V Karloukovski and BA Maher and SM Peglar and RC Preece and JE Whittaker and CB Stringer",
year = "2010",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/nature09117",
language = "English",
volume = "466",
pages = "229--233",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "7303",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe

AU - Parfitt, SA

AU - Ashton, NM

AU - Lewis, SG

AU - Abel, RL

AU - Coope, Geoffrey

AU - Field, MH

AU - Gale, R

AU - Hoare, PG

AU - Larkin, NR

AU - Lewis, MD

AU - Karloukovski, V

AU - Maher, BA

AU - Peglar, SM

AU - Preece, RC

AU - Whittaker, JE

AU - Stringer, CB

PY - 2010/7/1

Y1 - 2010/7/1

N2 - The dispersal of early humans from Africa by 1.75 Myr ago led to a marked expansion of their range, from the island of Flores in the east to the Iberian peninsula in the west(1-5). This range encompassed tropical forest, savannah and Mediterranean habitats, but has hitherto not been demonstrated beyond 45 degrees N. Until recently, early colonization in Europe was thought to be confined to the area south of the Pyrenees and Alps. However, evidence from Pakefield (Suffolk, UK) at similar to 0.7 Myrindicated that humans occupied northern European latitudes when a Mediterranean-type climate prevailed(6). This provided the basis for an 'ebb and flow' model, where human populations were thought to survive in southern refugia during cold stages, only expanding northwards during fully temperate climates(5). Here we present new evidence from Happisburgh (Norfolk, UK) demonstrating that Early Pleistocene hominins were present in northern Europe >0.78 Myr ago when they were able to survive at the southern edge of the boreal zone. This has significant implications for our understanding of early human behaviour, adaptation and survival, as well as the tempo and mode of colonization after their first dispersal out of Africa.

AB - The dispersal of early humans from Africa by 1.75 Myr ago led to a marked expansion of their range, from the island of Flores in the east to the Iberian peninsula in the west(1-5). This range encompassed tropical forest, savannah and Mediterranean habitats, but has hitherto not been demonstrated beyond 45 degrees N. Until recently, early colonization in Europe was thought to be confined to the area south of the Pyrenees and Alps. However, evidence from Pakefield (Suffolk, UK) at similar to 0.7 Myrindicated that humans occupied northern European latitudes when a Mediterranean-type climate prevailed(6). This provided the basis for an 'ebb and flow' model, where human populations were thought to survive in southern refugia during cold stages, only expanding northwards during fully temperate climates(5). Here we present new evidence from Happisburgh (Norfolk, UK) demonstrating that Early Pleistocene hominins were present in northern Europe >0.78 Myr ago when they were able to survive at the southern edge of the boreal zone. This has significant implications for our understanding of early human behaviour, adaptation and survival, as well as the tempo and mode of colonization after their first dispersal out of Africa.

U2 - 10.1038/nature09117

DO - 10.1038/nature09117

M3 - Article

C2 - 20613840

VL - 466

SP - 229

EP - 233

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7303

ER -