Dynamic regulation of spinal pro-inflammatory cytokine release in the rat in vivo following peripheral nerve injury.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • CG Smith
  • SA Delaney
  • M Salmon
  • JP Hughes
  • IP Chessell

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Spinal release of cytokines may play a critical role in the maladapted nociceptive signaling underlying chronic pain states. In order to investigate this biology, we have developed a novel 'high flux' intrathecal microdialysis approach in combination with multiplex bead-based immunoassay technology to concurrently monitor the spinal release of interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)alpha in rats with unilateral sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI). Intrathecal microdialysis was performed under isoflurane/N(2)O anaesthesia in rats with confirmed mechanical hypersensitivity. In a first study, C-fiber strength electrical stimulation of the operated nerve in neuropathic rats was found to evoke a dramatic increase in IL-1beta efflux ( approximately 15-fold) that was significantly greater than that observed in the sham-operated group. Spinal IL-6 efflux was also responsive to primary afferent stimulation, whereas TNFalpha was not. In a second study, treatment with the glial inhibitor propentofylline for 7days normalized CCI-induced mechanical hypersensitivity. In the same animals, this treatment also significantly reduced intrathecal IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNFalpha and prevented afferent stimulation-evoked cytokine release of both IL-1beta and IL-6. These results provide support for glia as the source of the majority of intrathecal IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNFalpha that accompanies mechanical hypersensitivity in the CCI rat. Moreover, our studies demonstrate the ability of a neurone-glia signaling mechanism to dynamically modulate this release and support a role of spinal IL-1beta in the phasic transmission of abnormal pain signals.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-576
Number of pages8
JournalBrain, Behaviour, and Immunity
Volume24
Issue number4
Early online date24 Dec 2009
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2010

Keywords

  • Microdialysis, Tumour necrosis factor alpha, Propentofylline, Pain, Neuroinflammation, Neuropathy, Interleukin