Dynamic CCN3 expression in the murine CNS does not confer essential roles in myelination or remyelination

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Authors

  • Nira de la Vega Gallardo
  • Rosana Penalva
  • Marie Dittmer
  • Michelle Naughton
  • John Falconer
  • Jill Moffat
  • Alerie G de la Fuente
  • Zhiyong Lin
  • Bernard Perbal
  • Rebecca J Ingram
  • Emma Evergren
  • Denise C Fitzgerald

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

CCN3 is a matricellular protein that promotes oligodendrocyte progenitor cell differentiation and myelination in vitro and ex vivo. CCN3 is therefore a candidate of interest in central nervous system (CNS) myelination and remyelination, and we sought to investigate the expression and role of CCN3 during these processes. We found CCN3 to be expressed predominantly by neurons in distinct areas of the CNS, primarily the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, suprachiasmatic nuclei, anterior olfactory nuclei, and spinal cord gray matter. CCN3 was transiently up-regulated following demyelination in the brain of cuprizone-fed mice and spinal cord lesions of mice injected with lysolecithin. However, CCN3-/- mice did not exhibit significantly different numbers of oligodendroglia or differentiated oligodendrocytes in the healthy or remyelinating CNS, compared to WT controls. These results suggest that despite robust and dynamic expression in the CNS, CCN3 is not required for efficient myelination or remyelination in the murine CNS in vivo.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2020