Does repeatedly viewing overweight versus underweight images change perception of and satisfaction with own body size?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Standard

Does repeatedly viewing overweight versus underweight images change perception of and satisfaction with own body size? / Bould, Helen; Noonan, Katharine; Penton-Voak, Ian; Skinner, Andy; Munafò, Marcus R.; Park, Rebecca J.; Broome, Matthew R.; Harmer, Catherine J.

In: Royal Society Open Science, Vol. 7, No. 4, 190704, 01.04.2020, p. 190704.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Harvard

Bould, H, Noonan, K, Penton-Voak, I, Skinner, A, Munafò, MR, Park, RJ, Broome, MR & Harmer, CJ 2020, 'Does repeatedly viewing overweight versus underweight images change perception of and satisfaction with own body size?', Royal Society Open Science, vol. 7, no. 4, 190704, pp. 190704. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.190704

APA

Bould, H., Noonan, K., Penton-Voak, I., Skinner, A., Munafò, M. R., Park, R. J., Broome, M. R., & Harmer, C. J. (2020). Does repeatedly viewing overweight versus underweight images change perception of and satisfaction with own body size? Royal Society Open Science, 7(4), 190704. [190704]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.190704

Vancouver

Author

Bould, Helen ; Noonan, Katharine ; Penton-Voak, Ian ; Skinner, Andy ; Munafò, Marcus R. ; Park, Rebecca J. ; Broome, Matthew R. ; Harmer, Catherine J. / Does repeatedly viewing overweight versus underweight images change perception of and satisfaction with own body size?. In: Royal Society Open Science. 2020 ; Vol. 7, No. 4. pp. 190704.

Bibtex

@article{b7eb3998ef9b40d98bf3eea1162e7a7c,
title = "Does repeatedly viewing overweight versus underweight images change perception of and satisfaction with own body size?",
abstract = "Body dissatisfaction is associated with subsequent eating disorders and weight gain. One-off exposure to bodies of different sizes changes perception of others' bodies, and perception of and satisfaction with own body size. The effect of repeated exposure to bodies of different sizes has not been assessed. We randomized women into three groups, and they spent 5 min twice a day for a week completing a one-back task using images of women modified to appear either under, over, or neither over- nor underweight. We tested the effects on their perception of their own and others' body size, and satisfaction with own size. Measures at follow-up were compared between groups, adjusted for baseline measurements. In 93 women aged 18-30 years, images of other women were perceived as larger following exposure to underweight women (and vice versa) ( p < 0.001). There was no evidence for a difference in our primary outcome measure (visual analogue scale own size) or in satisfaction with own size. Avatarconstructed ideal ( p = 0.03) and avatar-constructed perceived own body size ( p = 0.007) both decreased following exposure to underweight women, possibly due to adaptation affecting how the avatar was perceived. Repeated exposure to different sized bodies changes perception of the size of others' bodies, but we did not find evidence that it changes perceived own size.",
keywords = "Adaptation, Body dissatisfaction, Body size, Eating disorders, Perception, Weight",
author = "Helen Bould and Katharine Noonan and Ian Penton-Voak and Andy Skinner and Munaf{\`o}, {Marcus R.} and Park, {Rebecca J.} and Broome, {Matthew R.} and Harmer, {Catherine J.}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2020 The Authors.",
year = "2020",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1098/rsos.190704",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "190704",
journal = "Royal Society Open Science",
issn = "2054-5703",
publisher = "The Royal Society",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does repeatedly viewing overweight versus underweight images change perception of and satisfaction with own body size?

AU - Bould, Helen

AU - Noonan, Katharine

AU - Penton-Voak, Ian

AU - Skinner, Andy

AU - Munafò, Marcus R.

AU - Park, Rebecca J.

AU - Broome, Matthew R.

AU - Harmer, Catherine J.

N1 - © 2020 The Authors.

PY - 2020/4/1

Y1 - 2020/4/1

N2 - Body dissatisfaction is associated with subsequent eating disorders and weight gain. One-off exposure to bodies of different sizes changes perception of others' bodies, and perception of and satisfaction with own body size. The effect of repeated exposure to bodies of different sizes has not been assessed. We randomized women into three groups, and they spent 5 min twice a day for a week completing a one-back task using images of women modified to appear either under, over, or neither over- nor underweight. We tested the effects on their perception of their own and others' body size, and satisfaction with own size. Measures at follow-up were compared between groups, adjusted for baseline measurements. In 93 women aged 18-30 years, images of other women were perceived as larger following exposure to underweight women (and vice versa) ( p < 0.001). There was no evidence for a difference in our primary outcome measure (visual analogue scale own size) or in satisfaction with own size. Avatarconstructed ideal ( p = 0.03) and avatar-constructed perceived own body size ( p = 0.007) both decreased following exposure to underweight women, possibly due to adaptation affecting how the avatar was perceived. Repeated exposure to different sized bodies changes perception of the size of others' bodies, but we did not find evidence that it changes perceived own size.

AB - Body dissatisfaction is associated with subsequent eating disorders and weight gain. One-off exposure to bodies of different sizes changes perception of others' bodies, and perception of and satisfaction with own body size. The effect of repeated exposure to bodies of different sizes has not been assessed. We randomized women into three groups, and they spent 5 min twice a day for a week completing a one-back task using images of women modified to appear either under, over, or neither over- nor underweight. We tested the effects on their perception of their own and others' body size, and satisfaction with own size. Measures at follow-up were compared between groups, adjusted for baseline measurements. In 93 women aged 18-30 years, images of other women were perceived as larger following exposure to underweight women (and vice versa) ( p < 0.001). There was no evidence for a difference in our primary outcome measure (visual analogue scale own size) or in satisfaction with own size. Avatarconstructed ideal ( p = 0.03) and avatar-constructed perceived own body size ( p = 0.007) both decreased following exposure to underweight women, possibly due to adaptation affecting how the avatar was perceived. Repeated exposure to different sized bodies changes perception of the size of others' bodies, but we did not find evidence that it changes perceived own size.

KW - Adaptation

KW - Body dissatisfaction

KW - Body size

KW - Eating disorders

KW - Perception

KW - Weight

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85084823604&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1098/rsos.190704

DO - 10.1098/rsos.190704

M3 - Review article

C2 - 32431856

AN - SCOPUS:85084823604

VL - 7

SP - 190704

JO - Royal Society Open Science

JF - Royal Society Open Science

SN - 2054-5703

IS - 4

M1 - 190704

ER -