Does perceived steepness deter stair climbing when an alternative is available?

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@article{245dfc2a8ecc40fab0929096c78a42e0,
title = "Does perceived steepness deter stair climbing when an alternative is available?",
abstract = "Perception of hill slant is exaggerated in explicit awareness. Proffitt (Perspectives on Psychological Science 1:110-122, 2006) argued that explicit perception of the slant of a climb allows individuals to plan locomotion in keeping with their available locomotor resources, yet no behavioral evidence supports this contention. Pedestrians in a built environment can often avoid climbing stairs, the man-made equivalent of steep hills, by choosing an adjacent escalator. Stair climbing is avoided more by women, the old, and the overweight than by their comparators. Two studies tested perceived steepness of the stairs as a cue that promotes this avoidance. In the first study, participants estimated the steepness of a staircase in a train station (n = 269). Sex, age, height, and weight were recorded. Women, older individuals, and those who were heavier and shorter reported the staircase as steeper than did their comparison groups. In a follow-up study in a shopping mall, pedestrians were recruited from those who chose the stairs and those who avoided them, with the samples stratified for sex, age, and weight status. Participants (n = 229) estimated the steepness of a life-sized image of the stairs they had just encountered, presented on the wall of a vacant shop in the mall. Pedestrians who avoided stair climbing by choosing the escalator reported the stairs as steeper even when demographic differences were controlled. Perceived steepness may to be a contextual cue that pedestrians use to avoid stair climbing when an alternative is available.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Body Height, Body Weight, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Motor Activity, Sex Factors, Space Perception, Young Adult",
author = "Eves, {Frank F} and Thorpe, {Susannah K S} and Amanda Lewis and Taylor-Covill, {Guy A H}",
year = "2014",
month = jun
doi = "10.3758/s13423-013-0535-8",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "637--44",
journal = "Psychonomic Bulletin & Review",
issn = "1069-9384",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does perceived steepness deter stair climbing when an alternative is available?

AU - Eves, Frank F

AU - Thorpe, Susannah K S

AU - Lewis, Amanda

AU - Taylor-Covill, Guy A H

PY - 2014/6

Y1 - 2014/6

N2 - Perception of hill slant is exaggerated in explicit awareness. Proffitt (Perspectives on Psychological Science 1:110-122, 2006) argued that explicit perception of the slant of a climb allows individuals to plan locomotion in keeping with their available locomotor resources, yet no behavioral evidence supports this contention. Pedestrians in a built environment can often avoid climbing stairs, the man-made equivalent of steep hills, by choosing an adjacent escalator. Stair climbing is avoided more by women, the old, and the overweight than by their comparators. Two studies tested perceived steepness of the stairs as a cue that promotes this avoidance. In the first study, participants estimated the steepness of a staircase in a train station (n = 269). Sex, age, height, and weight were recorded. Women, older individuals, and those who were heavier and shorter reported the staircase as steeper than did their comparison groups. In a follow-up study in a shopping mall, pedestrians were recruited from those who chose the stairs and those who avoided them, with the samples stratified for sex, age, and weight status. Participants (n = 229) estimated the steepness of a life-sized image of the stairs they had just encountered, presented on the wall of a vacant shop in the mall. Pedestrians who avoided stair climbing by choosing the escalator reported the stairs as steeper even when demographic differences were controlled. Perceived steepness may to be a contextual cue that pedestrians use to avoid stair climbing when an alternative is available.

AB - Perception of hill slant is exaggerated in explicit awareness. Proffitt (Perspectives on Psychological Science 1:110-122, 2006) argued that explicit perception of the slant of a climb allows individuals to plan locomotion in keeping with their available locomotor resources, yet no behavioral evidence supports this contention. Pedestrians in a built environment can often avoid climbing stairs, the man-made equivalent of steep hills, by choosing an adjacent escalator. Stair climbing is avoided more by women, the old, and the overweight than by their comparators. Two studies tested perceived steepness of the stairs as a cue that promotes this avoidance. In the first study, participants estimated the steepness of a staircase in a train station (n = 269). Sex, age, height, and weight were recorded. Women, older individuals, and those who were heavier and shorter reported the staircase as steeper than did their comparison groups. In a follow-up study in a shopping mall, pedestrians were recruited from those who chose the stairs and those who avoided them, with the samples stratified for sex, age, and weight status. Participants (n = 229) estimated the steepness of a life-sized image of the stairs they had just encountered, presented on the wall of a vacant shop in the mall. Pedestrians who avoided stair climbing by choosing the escalator reported the stairs as steeper even when demographic differences were controlled. Perceived steepness may to be a contextual cue that pedestrians use to avoid stair climbing when an alternative is available.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Age Factors

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Body Height

KW - Body Weight

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Motor Activity

KW - Sex Factors

KW - Space Perception

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.3758/s13423-013-0535-8

DO - 10.3758/s13423-013-0535-8

M3 - Article

C2 - 24197656

VL - 21

SP - 637

EP - 644

JO - Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

JF - Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

SN - 1069-9384

IS - 3

ER -