Does nature contact in prison improve wellbeing? Mapping land cover to identify the effect of greenspace on self-harm and violence in prisons in England and Wales.

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@article{9e44f01dace544bfa6128b7cfaa2be2e,
title = "Does nature contact in prison improve wellbeing? Mapping land cover to identify the effect of greenspace on self-harm and violence in prisons in England and Wales.",
abstract = "This paper presents crucial new evidence that prisons with a higher proportion of the area within their perimeter given over to natural vegetation exhibit lower levels of self-harm and violence (both between prisoners and towards staff). Extending prior qualitative prison-level studies which find that nature contact influences prisoners{\textquoteright} self-reported wellbeing, it utilizes GIS mapping to generate a new prison greenspace dataset, capturing – for a cross-section of prisons in England and Wales – the percentage of greenspace within their perimeters. Econometric estimations confirm that greenspace fosters prisoner wellbeing, in that there are lower levels of self-harm and violence in prisons with more greenspace. These relationships are statistically robust, and they persist when we control for prison size, type, age, and level of crowding. These findings are noteworthy in that they both extend understandings of wellbeing in custodial environments, and have the potential to significantly influence future prison design. The paper also provides important new insights demonstrating links between greenspace and wellbeing which have significance beyond the specifics of carceral environments.",
author = "Dominique Moran and Phil Jones and Jordaan, {Jacob A} and Amy Porter",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "30",
language = "English",
journal = "Annals of the American Association of Geographers",
issn = "2469-4452",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does nature contact in prison improve wellbeing? Mapping land cover to identify the effect of greenspace on self-harm and violence in prisons in England and Wales.

AU - Moran, Dominique

AU - Jones, Phil

AU - Jordaan, Jacob A

AU - Porter, Amy

PY - 2020/7/30

Y1 - 2020/7/30

N2 - This paper presents crucial new evidence that prisons with a higher proportion of the area within their perimeter given over to natural vegetation exhibit lower levels of self-harm and violence (both between prisoners and towards staff). Extending prior qualitative prison-level studies which find that nature contact influences prisoners’ self-reported wellbeing, it utilizes GIS mapping to generate a new prison greenspace dataset, capturing – for a cross-section of prisons in England and Wales – the percentage of greenspace within their perimeters. Econometric estimations confirm that greenspace fosters prisoner wellbeing, in that there are lower levels of self-harm and violence in prisons with more greenspace. These relationships are statistically robust, and they persist when we control for prison size, type, age, and level of crowding. These findings are noteworthy in that they both extend understandings of wellbeing in custodial environments, and have the potential to significantly influence future prison design. The paper also provides important new insights demonstrating links between greenspace and wellbeing which have significance beyond the specifics of carceral environments.

AB - This paper presents crucial new evidence that prisons with a higher proportion of the area within their perimeter given over to natural vegetation exhibit lower levels of self-harm and violence (both between prisoners and towards staff). Extending prior qualitative prison-level studies which find that nature contact influences prisoners’ self-reported wellbeing, it utilizes GIS mapping to generate a new prison greenspace dataset, capturing – for a cross-section of prisons in England and Wales – the percentage of greenspace within their perimeters. Econometric estimations confirm that greenspace fosters prisoner wellbeing, in that there are lower levels of self-harm and violence in prisons with more greenspace. These relationships are statistically robust, and they persist when we control for prison size, type, age, and level of crowding. These findings are noteworthy in that they both extend understandings of wellbeing in custodial environments, and have the potential to significantly influence future prison design. The paper also provides important new insights demonstrating links between greenspace and wellbeing which have significance beyond the specifics of carceral environments.

M3 - Article

JO - Annals of the American Association of Geographers

JF - Annals of the American Association of Geographers

SN - 2469-4452

ER -