Docetaxel plus oxaliplatin with or without fluorouracil or capecitabine in metastatic or locally recurrent gastric cancer: a randomized phase II study
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BACKGROUND: Docetaxel/cisplatin/infusional 5-fluorouracil (5-FU; DCF) is a standard chemotherapy regimen for patients with advanced gastric cancer (GC). This phase II study evaluated docetaxel/oxaliplatin (TE), docetaxel/oxaliplatin/5-FU (TEF), and docetaxel/oxaliplatin/capecitabine (TEX) in patients with advanced GC.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with metastatic or locally recurrent gastric adenocarcinoma (including carcinoma of the gastro-oesophageal junction) were randomly assigned (1 : 1 : 1) to TE, TEF, or TEX. Each regimen was tested at two doses before full evaluation at optimized dose levels. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Overall survival (OS), tumour response, and safety were also assessed. A therapeutic index (median PFS relative to the incidence of febrile neutropenia) was calculated for each regimen and compared with DCF (historical data).
RESULTS: Overall, 248 patients were randomly assigned to receive optimized dose treatment. Median PFS was longer with TEF (7.66 [95% confidence interval (CI): 6.97-9.40] months) versus TE (4.50 [3.68-5.32] months) and TEX (5.55 [4.30-6.37] months). Median OS was 14.59 (95% CI: 11.70-21.78) months for TEF versus 8.97 (7.79-10.87) months for TE and 11.30 (8.08-14.03) months for TEX. The rate of tumour response (complete or partial) was 46.6% (95% CI 35.9-57.5) for TEF versus 23.1% (14.3-34.0) for TE and 25.6% (16.6-36.4) for TEX. The frequency and type of adverse events (AEs) were similar across the three arms. Common grade 3/4 AEs were fatigue (21%), sensory neuropathy (14%), and diarrhoea (13%). Febrile neutropenia was reported in 2% (TEF), 14% (TE), and 9% (TEX) of patients. The therapeutic index was improved with TEF versus TEX, TE, or DCF.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that TEF is worthy of evaluation as an arm in a phase III trial or as a backbone regimen for new targeted agents in advanced GC. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV: Identifier Trial registration number: NCT00382720.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Annals of Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2015|